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path: root/proxy.c
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/* This software was written by Dirk Engling <erdgeist@erdgeist.org>
   It is considered beerware. Prost. Skol. Cheers or whatever.

   $Id: proxy.c,v 1.17 2018/01/29 17:46:15 erdgeist Exp $ */

/* System */
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <pthread.h>

/* Libowfat */
#include "socket.h"
#include "io.h"
#include "iob.h"
#include "byte.h"
#include "scan.h"
#include "ip6.h"
#include "ndelay.h"

/* Opentracker */
#include "trackerlogic.h"
#include "ot_vector.h"
#include "ot_mutex.h"
#include "ot_stats.h"

#ifndef WANT_SYNC_LIVE
#define WANT_SYNC_LIVE
#endif
#include "ot_livesync.h"

ot_ip6   g_serverip;
uint16_t g_serverport = 9009;
uint32_t g_tracker_id;
char     groupip_1[4] = { 224,0,23,5 };
int      g_self_pipe[2];

/* If you have more than 10 peers, don't use this proxy
   Use 20 slots for 10 peers to have room for 10 incoming connection slots
 */
#define MAX_PEERS 20

#define LIVESYNC_INCOMING_BUFFSIZE          (256*256)
#define STREAMSYNC_OUTGOING_BUFFSIZE        (256*256)

#define LIVESYNC_OUTGOING_BUFFSIZE_PEERS     1480
#define LIVESYNC_OUTGOING_WATERMARK_PEERS   (sizeof(ot_peer)+sizeof(ot_hash))
#define LIVESYNC_MAXDELAY                    15      /* seconds */

/* The amount of time a complete sync cycle should take */
#define OT_SYNC_INTERVAL_MINUTES             2

/* So after each bucket wait 1 / OT_BUCKET_COUNT intervals */
#define OT_SYNC_SLEEP ( ( ( OT_SYNC_INTERVAL_MINUTES ) * 60 * 1000000 ) / ( OT_BUCKET_COUNT ) )

enum { OT_SYNC_PEER };
enum { FLAG_SERVERSOCKET = 1 };

/* For incoming packets */
static int64    g_socket_in = -1;
static uint8_t  g_inbuffer[LIVESYNC_INCOMING_BUFFSIZE];

/* For outgoing packets */
static int64    g_socket_out = -1;
static uint8_t  g_peerbuffer_start[LIVESYNC_OUTGOING_BUFFSIZE_PEERS];
static uint8_t *g_peerbuffer_pos;
static uint8_t *g_peerbuffer_highwater = g_peerbuffer_start + LIVESYNC_OUTGOING_BUFFSIZE_PEERS - LIVESYNC_OUTGOING_WATERMARK_PEERS;
static ot_time  g_next_packet_time;

static void * livesync_worker( void * args );
static void * streamsync_worker( void * args );
static void   livesync_proxytell( uint8_t prefix, uint8_t *info_hash, uint8_t *peer );

void exerr( char * message ) {
  fprintf( stderr, "%s\n", message );
  exit( 111 );
}

void stats_issue_event( ot_status_event event, PROTO_FLAG proto, uintptr_t event_data ) {
  (void) event;
  (void) proto;
  (void) event_data;
}

void livesync_bind_mcast( ot_ip6 ip, uint16_t port) {
  char tmpip[4] = {0,0,0,0};
  char *v4ip;

  if( !ip6_isv4mapped(ip))
    exerr("v6 mcast support not yet available.");
  v4ip = ip+12;

  if( g_socket_in != -1 )
    exerr("Error: Livesync listen ip specified twice.");

  if( ( g_socket_in = socket_udp4( )) < 0)
    exerr("Error: Cant create live sync incoming socket." );
  ndelay_off(g_socket_in);

  if( socket_bind4_reuse( g_socket_in, tmpip, port ) == -1 )
    exerr("Error: Cant bind live sync incoming socket." );

  if( socket_mcjoin4( g_socket_in, groupip_1, v4ip ) )
    exerr("Error: Cant make live sync incoming socket join mcast group.");

  if( ( g_socket_out = socket_udp4()) < 0)
    exerr("Error: Cant create live sync outgoing socket." );
  if( socket_bind4_reuse( g_socket_out, v4ip, port ) == -1 )
    exerr("Error: Cant bind live sync outgoing socket." );

  socket_mcttl4(g_socket_out, 1);
  socket_mcloop4(g_socket_out, 1);
}

size_t add_peer_to_torrent_proxy( ot_hash hash, ot_peer *peer ) {
  int         exactmatch;
  ot_torrent *torrent;
  ot_peer    *peer_dest;
  ot_vector  *torrents_list = mutex_bucket_lock_by_hash( hash );

  torrent = vector_find_or_insert( torrents_list, (void*)hash, sizeof( ot_torrent ), OT_HASH_COMPARE_SIZE, &exactmatch );
  if( !torrent )
    return -1;

  if( !exactmatch ) {
    /* Create a new torrent entry, then */
    memcpy( torrent->hash, hash, sizeof(ot_hash) );

    if( !( torrent->peer_list = malloc( sizeof (ot_peerlist) ) ) ) {
      vector_remove_torrent( torrents_list, torrent );
      mutex_bucket_unlock_by_hash( hash, 0 );
      return -1;
    }

    byte_zero( torrent->peer_list, sizeof( ot_peerlist ) );
  }

  /* Check for peer in torrent */
  peer_dest = vector_find_or_insert_peer( &(torrent->peer_list->peers), peer, &exactmatch );
  if( !peer_dest ) {
    mutex_bucket_unlock_by_hash( hash, 0 );
    return -1;
  }
  /* Tell peer that it's fresh */
  OT_PEERTIME( peer ) = 0;

  /* If we hadn't had a match create peer there */
  if( !exactmatch ) {
    torrent->peer_list->peer_count++;
    if( OT_PEERFLAG(peer) & PEER_FLAG_SEEDING )
      torrent->peer_list->seed_count++;
  }
  memcpy( peer_dest, peer, sizeof(ot_peer) );
  mutex_bucket_unlock_by_hash( hash, 0 );
  return 0;
}

size_t remove_peer_from_torrent_proxy( ot_hash hash, ot_peer *peer ) {
  int          exactmatch;
  ot_vector   *torrents_list = mutex_bucket_lock_by_hash( hash );
  ot_torrent  *torrent = binary_search( hash, torrents_list->data, torrents_list->size, sizeof( ot_torrent ), OT_HASH_COMPARE_SIZE, &exactmatch );

  if( exactmatch ) {
    ot_peerlist *peer_list = torrent->peer_list;
    switch( vector_remove_peer( &peer_list->peers, peer ) ) {
      case 2:  peer_list->seed_count--; /* Fall throughs intended */
      case 1:  peer_list->peer_count--; /* Fall throughs intended */
      default: break;
    }
  }

  mutex_bucket_unlock_by_hash( hash, 0 );
  return 0;
}

void free_peerlist( ot_peerlist *peer_list ) {
  if( peer_list->peers.data ) {
    if( OT_PEERLIST_HASBUCKETS( peer_list ) ) {
      ot_vector *bucket_list = (ot_vector*)(peer_list->peers.data);

      while( peer_list->peers.size-- )
        free( bucket_list++->data );
    }
    free( peer_list->peers.data );
  }
  free( peer_list );
}

static void livesync_handle_peersync( ssize_t datalen ) {
  int off = sizeof( g_tracker_id ) + sizeof( uint32_t );

  fprintf( stderr, "." );

  while( off + (ssize_t)sizeof( ot_hash ) + (ssize_t)sizeof( ot_peer ) <= datalen ) {
    ot_peer *peer = (ot_peer*)(g_inbuffer + off + sizeof(ot_hash));
    ot_hash *hash = (ot_hash*)(g_inbuffer + off);

    if( OT_PEERFLAG(peer) & PEER_FLAG_STOPPED )
      remove_peer_from_torrent_proxy( *hash, peer );
    else
      add_peer_to_torrent_proxy( *hash, peer );

    off += sizeof( ot_hash ) + sizeof( ot_peer );
  }
}

int usage( char *self ) {
  fprintf( stderr, "Usage: %s -L <livesync_iface_ip> -l <listenip>:<listenport> -c <connectip>:<connectport>\n", self );
  return 0;
}

enum {
  FLAG_OUTGOING      = 0x80,

  FLAG_DISCONNECTED  = 0x00,
  FLAG_CONNECTING    = 0x01,
  FLAG_WAITTRACKERID = 0x02,
  FLAG_CONNECTED     = 0x03,

  FLAG_MASK          = 0x07
};

#define PROXYPEER_NEEDSCONNECT(flag)      ((flag)==FLAG_OUTGOING)
#define PROXYPEER_ISCONNECTED(flag)       (((flag)&FLAG_MASK)==FLAG_CONNECTED)
#define PROXYPEER_SETDISCONNECTED(flag)   (flag)=(((flag)&FLAG_OUTGOING)|FLAG_DISCONNECTED)
#define PROXYPEER_SETCONNECTING(flag)     (flag)=(((flag)&FLAG_OUTGOING)|FLAG_CONNECTING)
#define PROXYPEER_SETWAITTRACKERID(flag)  (flag)=(((flag)&FLAG_OUTGOING)|FLAG_WAITTRACKERID)
#define PROXYPEER_SETCONNECTED(flag)      (flag)=(((flag)&FLAG_OUTGOING)|FLAG_CONNECTED)

typedef struct {
  int      state;           /* Whether we want to connect, how far our handshake is, etc. */
  ot_ip6   ip;              /* The peer to connect to */
  uint16_t port;            /* The peers port */
  uint8_t  indata[8192*16]; /* Any data not processed yet */
  size_t   indata_length;   /* Length of unprocessed data */
  uint32_t tracker_id;      /* How the other end greeted */
  int64    fd;              /* A file handle, if connected, <= 0 is disconnected (0 initially, -1 else) */
  io_batch outdata;         /* The iobatch containing our sync data */

  size_t   packet_tcount;   /* Number of unprocessed torrents in packet we currently receive */
  uint8_t  packet_tprefix;  /* Prefix byte for all torrents in current packet */
  uint8_t  packet_type;     /* Type of current packet */
  uint32_t packet_tid;      /* Tracker id for current packet */

} proxy_peer;
static void process_indata( proxy_peer * peer );

void reset_info_block( proxy_peer * peer ) {
  peer->indata_length = 0;
  peer->tracker_id    = 0;
  peer->fd            = -1;
  peer->packet_tcount = 0;
  iob_reset( &peer->outdata );
  PROXYPEER_SETDISCONNECTED( peer->state );
}

/* Number of connections to peers
   * If a peer's IP is set, we try to reconnect, when the connection drops
   * If we already have a connected tracker_id in our records for an _incoming_ connection, drop it
   * Multiple connections to/from the same ip are okay, if tracker_id doesn't match
   * Reconnect attempts occur only twice a minute
*/
static int        g_connection_count;
static ot_time    g_connection_reconn;
static proxy_peer g_connections[MAX_PEERS];

static void handle_reconnects( void ) {
  int i;
  for( i=0; i<g_connection_count; ++i )
    if( PROXYPEER_NEEDSCONNECT( g_connections[i].state ) ) {
      int64 newfd = socket_tcp6( );
      fprintf( stderr, "(Re)connecting to peer..." );
      if( newfd < 0 ) continue; /* No socket for you */
      io_fd(newfd);
      if( socket_bind6_reuse(newfd,g_serverip,g_serverport,0) ) {
        io_close( newfd );
        continue;
      }
      if( socket_connect6(newfd,g_connections[i].ip,g_connections[i].port,0) == -1 &&
          errno != EINPROGRESS && errno != EWOULDBLOCK ) {
        close(newfd);
        continue;
      }
      io_wantwrite(newfd); /* So we will be informed when it is connected */
      io_setcookie(newfd,g_connections+i);

      /* Prepare connection info block */
      reset_info_block( g_connections+i );
      g_connections[i].fd            = newfd;
      PROXYPEER_SETCONNECTING( g_connections[i].state );
    }
  g_connection_reconn = time(NULL) + 30;
}

/* Handle incoming connection requests, check against whitelist */
static void handle_accept( int64 serversocket ) {
  int64 newfd;
  ot_ip6 ip;
  uint16 port;

  while( ( newfd = socket_accept6( serversocket, ip, &port, NULL ) ) != -1 ) {

    /* XXX some access control */

    /* Put fd into a non-blocking mode */
    io_nonblock( newfd );

    if( !io_fd( newfd ) )
      io_close( newfd );
    else {
      /* Find a new home for our incoming connection */
      int i;
      for( i=0; i<MAX_PEERS; ++i )
        if( g_connections[i].state == FLAG_DISCONNECTED )
          break;
      if( i == MAX_PEERS ) {
        fprintf( stderr, "No room for incoming connection." );
        close( newfd );
        continue;
      }

      /* Prepare connection info block */
      reset_info_block( g_connections+i );
      PROXYPEER_SETCONNECTING( g_connections[i].state );
      g_connections[i].port = port;
      g_connections[i].fd   = newfd;

      io_setcookie( newfd, g_connections + i );

      /* We expect the connecting side to begin with its tracker_id */
      io_wantread( newfd );
    }
  }

  return;
}

/* New sync data on the stream */
static void handle_read( int64 peersocket ) {
  int i;
  int64 datalen;
  uint32_t tracker_id;
  proxy_peer *peer = io_getcookie( peersocket );

  if( !peer ) {
    /* Can't happen ;) */
    io_close( peersocket );
    return;
  }
  switch( peer->state & FLAG_MASK ) {
  case FLAG_DISCONNECTED:
    io_close( peersocket );
    break; /* Shouldnt happen */
  case FLAG_CONNECTING:
  case FLAG_WAITTRACKERID:
    /* We want at least the first four bytes to come at once, to avoid keeping extra states (for now)
       This also catches 0 bytes reads == EOF and negative values, denoting connection errors */
    if( io_tryread( peersocket, (void*)&tracker_id, sizeof( tracker_id ) ) != sizeof( tracker_id ) )
      goto close_socket;

    /* See, if we already have a connection to that peer */
    for( i=0; i<MAX_PEERS; ++i )
      if( ( g_connections[i].state & FLAG_MASK ) == FLAG_CONNECTED &&
            g_connections[i].tracker_id == tracker_id ) {
        fprintf( stderr, "Peer already connected. Closing connection.\n" );
        goto close_socket;
      }

    /* Also no need for soliloquy */
    if( tracker_id == g_tracker_id )
      goto close_socket;

    /* The new connection is good, send our tracker_id on incoming connections */
    if( peer->state == FLAG_CONNECTING )
      if( io_trywrite( peersocket, (void*)&g_tracker_id, sizeof( g_tracker_id ) ) != sizeof( g_tracker_id ) )
        goto close_socket;

    peer->tracker_id = tracker_id;
    PROXYPEER_SETCONNECTED( peer->state );

    if( peer->state & FLAG_OUTGOING )
      fprintf( stderr, "succeeded.\n" );
    else
      fprintf( stderr, "Incoming connection successful.\n" );

    break;
close_socket:
    fprintf( stderr, "Handshake incomplete, closing socket\n" );
    io_close( peersocket );
    reset_info_block( peer );
    break;
  case FLAG_CONNECTED:
    /* Here we acutally expect data from peer
       indata_length should be less than 20+256*7 bytes, for incomplete torrent entries */
    datalen = io_tryread( peersocket, (void*)(peer->indata + peer->indata_length), sizeof( peer->indata ) - peer->indata_length );
    if( !datalen || datalen < -1 ) {
      fprintf( stderr, "Connection closed by remote peer.\n" );
      io_close( peersocket );
      reset_info_block( peer );
    } else if( datalen > 0 ) {
      peer->indata_length += datalen;
      process_indata( peer );
    }
    break;
  }
}

/* Can write new sync data to the stream */
static void handle_write( int64 peersocket ) {
  proxy_peer *peer = io_getcookie( peersocket );

  if( !peer ) {
    /* Can't happen ;) */
    io_close( peersocket );
    return;
  }

  switch( peer->state & FLAG_MASK ) {
  case FLAG_DISCONNECTED:
  default: /* Should not happen */
    io_close( peersocket );
    break;
  case FLAG_CONNECTING:
    /* Ensure that the connection is established and handle connection error */
    if( peer->state & FLAG_OUTGOING && !socket_connected( peersocket ) ) {
        fprintf( stderr, "failed\n" );
        reset_info_block( peer );
        io_close( peersocket );
        break;
    }

    if( io_trywrite( peersocket, (void*)&g_tracker_id, sizeof( g_tracker_id ) ) == sizeof( g_tracker_id ) ) {
      PROXYPEER_SETWAITTRACKERID( peer->state );
      io_dontwantwrite( peersocket );
      io_wantread( peersocket );
    } else {
      fprintf( stderr, "Handshake incomplete, closing socket\n" );
      io_close( peersocket );
      reset_info_block( peer );
    }
    break;
  case FLAG_CONNECTED:
    switch( iob_send( peersocket, &peer->outdata ) ) {
    case 0: /* all data sent */
      io_dontwantwrite( peersocket );
      break;
    case -3: /* an error occured */
      io_close( peersocket );
      reset_info_block( peer );
      break;
    default: /* Normal operation or eagain */
      break;
    }
    break;
  }

  return;
}

static void server_mainloop() {
  int64 sock;

  /* inlined livesync_init() */
  memset( g_peerbuffer_start, 0, sizeof( g_peerbuffer_start ) ); 
  g_peerbuffer_pos = g_peerbuffer_start;
  memcpy( g_peerbuffer_pos, &g_tracker_id, sizeof( g_tracker_id ) );
  uint32_pack_big( (char*)g_peerbuffer_pos + sizeof( g_tracker_id ), OT_SYNC_PEER);
  g_peerbuffer_pos += sizeof( g_tracker_id ) + sizeof( uint32_t);
  g_next_packet_time = time(NULL) + LIVESYNC_MAXDELAY;

  while(1) {
    /* See, if we need to connect to anyone */
    if( time(NULL) > g_connection_reconn )
      handle_reconnects( );

    /* Wait for io events until next approx reconn check time */
    io_waituntil2( 30*1000 );

    /* Loop over readable sockets */
    while( ( sock = io_canread( ) ) != -1 ) {
      const void *cookie = io_getcookie( sock );
      if( (uintptr_t)cookie == FLAG_SERVERSOCKET )
        handle_accept( sock );
      else
        handle_read( sock );
    }

    /* Loop over writable sockets */
    while( ( sock = io_canwrite( ) ) != -1 )
      handle_write( sock );

    livesync_ticker( );
  }
}

static void panic( const char *routine ) {
  fprintf( stderr, "%s: %s\n", routine, strerror(errno) );
  exit( 111 );
}

static int64_t ot_try_bind( ot_ip6 ip, uint16_t port ) {
  int64 sock = socket_tcp6( );

  if( socket_bind6_reuse( sock, ip, port, 0 ) == -1 )
    panic( "socket_bind6_reuse" );

  if( socket_listen( sock, SOMAXCONN) == -1 )
    panic( "socket_listen" );

  if( !io_fd( sock ) )
    panic( "io_fd" );

  io_setcookie( sock, (void*)FLAG_SERVERSOCKET );
  io_wantread( sock );
  return sock;
}


static int scan_ip6_port( const char *src, ot_ip6 ip, uint16 *port ) {
  const char *s = src;
  int off, bracket = 0;
  while( isspace(*s) ) ++s;
  if( *s == '[' ) ++s, ++bracket; /* for v6 style notation */
  if( !(off = scan_ip6( s, ip ) ) )
    return 0;
  s += off;
  if( *s == 0 || isspace(*s)) return s-src;
  if( *s == ']' && bracket ) ++s;
  if( !ip6_isv4mapped(ip)){
    if( ( bracket && *(s) != ':' ) || ( *(s) != '.' ) ) return 0;
    s++;
  } else {
    if( *(s++) != ':' ) return 0;
  }
  if( !(off = scan_ushort (s, port ) ) )
     return 0;
  return off+s-src;
}

int main( int argc, char **argv ) {
  static pthread_t sync_in_thread_id;
  static pthread_t sync_out_thread_id;
  ot_ip6 serverip;
  uint16_t tmpport;
  int scanon = 1, lbound = 0, sbound = 0;

  srandom( time(NULL) );
  g_tracker_id = random();
  noipv6=1;

  while( scanon ) {
    switch( getopt( argc, argv, ":l:c:L:h" ) ) {
    case -1: scanon = 0; break;
    case 'l':
      tmpport = 0;
      if( !scan_ip6_port( optarg, serverip, &tmpport ) || !tmpport ) { usage( argv[0] ); exit( 1 ); }
      ot_try_bind( serverip, tmpport );
      ++sbound;
      break;
    case 'c':
      if( g_connection_count > MAX_PEERS / 2 ) exerr( "Connection limit exceeded.\n" );
      tmpport = 0;
      if( !scan_ip6_port( optarg,
        g_connections[g_connection_count].ip,
        &g_connections[g_connection_count].port ) ||
        !g_connections[g_connection_count].port ) { usage( argv[0] ); exit( 1 ); }
      g_connections[g_connection_count++].state = FLAG_OUTGOING;
      break;
    case 'L':
      tmpport = 9696;
      if( !scan_ip6_port( optarg, serverip, &tmpport ) || !tmpport ) { usage( argv[0] ); exit( 1 ); }
      livesync_bind_mcast( serverip, tmpport); ++lbound; break;
    default:
    case '?': usage( argv[0] ); exit( 1 );
    }
  }

  if( !lbound ) exerr( "No livesync port bound." );
  if( !g_connection_count && !sbound ) exerr( "No streamsync port bound." );
  pthread_create( &sync_in_thread_id, NULL, livesync_worker, NULL );
  pthread_create( &sync_out_thread_id, NULL, streamsync_worker, NULL );

  server_mainloop();
  return 0;
}

static void * streamsync_worker( void * args ) {
  (void)args;
  while( 1 ) {
    int bucket;
    /* For each bucket... */
    for( bucket=0; bucket<OT_BUCKET_COUNT; ++bucket ) {
      /* Get exclusive access to that bucket */
      ot_vector *torrents_list = mutex_bucket_lock( bucket );
      size_t tor_offset, count_def = 0, count_one = 0, count_two = 0, count_peers = 0;
      size_t mem, mem_a = 0, mem_b = 0;
      uint8_t *ptr = 0, *ptr_a, *ptr_b, *ptr_c;

      if( !torrents_list->size ) goto unlock_continue;

      /* For each torrent in this bucket.. */
      for( tor_offset=0; tor_offset<torrents_list->size; ++tor_offset ) {
        /* Address torrents members */
        ot_peerlist *peer_list = ( ((ot_torrent*)(torrents_list->data))[tor_offset] ).peer_list;
        switch( peer_list->peer_count ) {
          case 2:  count_two++; break;
          case 1:  count_one++; break;
          case 0:               break;
          default: count_def++;
                   count_peers += peer_list->peer_count;
        }
      }

      /* Maximal memory requirement: max 3 blocks, max torrents * 20 + max peers * 7 */
      mem = 3 * ( 1 + 1 + 2 ) + ( count_one + count_two ) * ( 19 + 1 ) + count_def * ( 19 + 8 ) +
            ( count_one + 2 * count_two + count_peers ) * 7;

      fprintf( stderr, "Mem: %zd\n", mem );

      ptr = ptr_a = ptr_b = ptr_c = malloc( mem );
      if( !ptr ) goto unlock_continue;

      if( count_one > 4 || !count_def ) {
        mem_a = 1 + 1 + 2 + count_one * ( 19 + 7 );
        ptr_b += mem_a; ptr_c += mem_a;
        ptr_a[0] = 1;                                        /* Offset 0: packet type 1 */
        ptr_a[1] = (bucket << 8) >> OT_BUCKET_COUNT_BITS;    /* Offset 1: the shared prefix */
        ptr_a[2] = count_one >> 8;
        ptr_a[3] = count_one & 255;
        ptr_a += 4;
      } else
        count_def += count_one;

      if( count_two > 4 || !count_def ) {
        mem_b = 1 + 1 + 2 + count_two * ( 19 + 14 );
        ptr_c += mem_b;
        ptr_b[0] = 2;                                        /* Offset 0: packet type 2 */
        ptr_b[1] = (bucket << 8) >> OT_BUCKET_COUNT_BITS;    /* Offset 1: the shared prefix */
        ptr_b[2] = count_two >> 8;
        ptr_b[3] = count_two & 255;
        ptr_b += 4;
      } else
        count_def += count_two;

      if( count_def ) {
        ptr_c[0] = 0;                                        /* Offset 0: packet type 0 */
        ptr_c[1] = (bucket << 8) >> OT_BUCKET_COUNT_BITS;    /* Offset 1: the shared prefix */
        ptr_c[2] = count_def >> 8;
        ptr_c[3] = count_def & 255;
        ptr_c += 4;
      }

      /* For each torrent in this bucket.. */
      for( tor_offset=0; tor_offset<torrents_list->size; ++tor_offset ) {
        /* Address torrents members */
        ot_torrent *torrent = ((ot_torrent*)(torrents_list->data)) + tor_offset;
        ot_peerlist *peer_list = torrent->peer_list;
        ot_peer *peers = (ot_peer*)(peer_list->peers.data);
        uint8_t **dst;

        /* Determine destination slot */
        count_peers = peer_list->peer_count;
        switch( count_peers ) {
          case 0:  continue;
          case 1:  dst = mem_a ? &ptr_a : &ptr_c; break;
          case 2:  dst = mem_b ? &ptr_b : &ptr_c; break;
          default: dst = &ptr_c; break;
        }

        /* Copy tail of info_hash, advance pointer */
        memcpy( *dst, ((uint8_t*)torrent->hash) + 1, sizeof( ot_hash ) - 1);
        *dst += sizeof( ot_hash ) - 1;

        /* Encode peer count */
        if( dst == &ptr_c )
          while( count_peers ) {
            if( count_peers <= 0x7f )
              *(*dst)++ = count_peers;
            else
              *(*dst)++ = 0x80 | ( count_peers & 0x7f );
            count_peers >>= 7;
          }

        /* Copy peers */
        count_peers = peer_list->peer_count;
        while( count_peers-- ) {
          memcpy( *dst, peers++, OT_IP_SIZE + 3 );
          *dst += OT_IP_SIZE + 3;
        }
        free_peerlist(peer_list);
      }

      free( torrents_list->data );
      memset( torrents_list, 0, sizeof(*torrents_list ) );
unlock_continue:
      mutex_bucket_unlock( bucket, 0 );

      if( ptr ) {
        int i;

        if( ptr_b > ptr_c ) ptr_c = ptr_b;
        if( ptr_a > ptr_c ) ptr_c = ptr_a;
        mem = ptr_c - ptr;

        for( i=0; i < MAX_PEERS; ++i ) {
          if( PROXYPEER_ISCONNECTED(g_connections[i].state) ) {
            void *tmp = malloc( mem );
            if( tmp ) {
              memcpy( tmp, ptr, mem );
              iob_addbuf_free( &g_connections[i].outdata, tmp, mem );
              io_wantwrite( g_connections[i].fd );
            }
          }
        }

        free( ptr );
      }
      usleep( OT_SYNC_SLEEP );
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

static void livesync_issue_peersync( ) {
  socket_send4(g_socket_out, (char*)g_peerbuffer_start, g_peerbuffer_pos - g_peerbuffer_start,
               groupip_1, LIVESYNC_PORT);
  g_peerbuffer_pos   = g_peerbuffer_start + sizeof( g_tracker_id ) + sizeof( uint32_t );
  g_next_packet_time = time(NULL) + LIVESYNC_MAXDELAY;
}

void livesync_ticker( ) {
  /* livesync_issue_peersync sets g_next_packet_time */
  if( time(NULL) > g_next_packet_time &&
     g_peerbuffer_pos > g_peerbuffer_start + sizeof( g_tracker_id ) )
    livesync_issue_peersync();
}

static void livesync_proxytell( uint8_t prefix, uint8_t *info_hash, uint8_t *peer ) {
//  unsigned int i;

  *g_peerbuffer_pos = prefix;
  memcpy( g_peerbuffer_pos + 1, info_hash, sizeof(ot_hash) - 1 );
  memcpy( g_peerbuffer_pos + sizeof(ot_hash), peer, sizeof(ot_peer) - 1 );

#if 0
  /* Dump info_hash */
  for( i=0; i<sizeof(ot_hash); ++i )
    printf( "%02X", g_peerbuffer_pos[i] );
  putchar( ':' );
#endif
  g_peerbuffer_pos += sizeof(ot_hash);
#if 0
  printf( "%hhu.%hhu.%hhu.%hhu:%hu (%02X %02X)\n", g_peerbuffer_pos[0], g_peerbuffer_pos[1], g_peerbuffer_pos[2], g_peerbuffer_pos[3],
    g_peerbuffer_pos[4] | ( g_peerbuffer_pos[5] << 8 ), g_peerbuffer_pos[6], g_peerbuffer_pos[7] );
#endif
  g_peerbuffer_pos += sizeof(ot_peer);

  if( g_peerbuffer_pos >= g_peerbuffer_highwater )
    livesync_issue_peersync();
}

static void process_indata( proxy_peer * peer ) {
  size_t consumed, peers;
  uint8_t *data    = peer->indata, *hash;
  uint8_t *dataend = data + peer->indata_length;

  while( 1 ) {
    /* If we're not inside of a packet, make a new one */
    if( !peer->packet_tcount ) {
      /* Ensure the header is complete or postpone processing */
      if( data + 4 > dataend ) break;
      peer->packet_type    = data[0];
      peer->packet_tprefix = data[1];
      peer->packet_tcount  = data[2] * 256 + data[3];
      data += 4;
printf( "type: %hhu, prefix: %02X, torrentcount: %zd\n", peer->packet_type, peer->packet_tprefix, peer->packet_tcount );
    }

    /* Ensure size for a minimal torrent block */
    if( data + sizeof(ot_hash) + OT_IP_SIZE + 3 > dataend ) break;

    /* Advance pointer to peer count or peers */
    hash = data;
    data += sizeof(ot_hash) - 1;

    /* Type 0 has peer count encoded before each peers */
    peers = peer->packet_type;
    if( !peers ) {
      int shift = 0;
      do peers |= ( 0x7f & *data ) << ( 7 * shift );
        while ( *(data++) & 0x80 && shift++ < 6 );
    }
#if 0
printf( "peers: %zd\n", peers );
#endif
    /* Ensure enough data being read to hold all peers */
    if( data + (OT_IP_SIZE + 3) * peers > dataend ) {
      data = hash;
      break;
    }
    while( peers-- ) {
      livesync_proxytell( peer->packet_tprefix, hash, data );
      data += OT_IP_SIZE + 3;
    }
    --peer->packet_tcount;
  }

  consumed = data - peer->indata;
  memmove( peer->indata, data, peer->indata_length - consumed );
  peer->indata_length -= consumed;
}

static void * livesync_worker( void * args ) {
  (void)args;
  while( 1 ) {
    ot_ip6 in_ip; uint16_t in_port;
    size_t datalen = socket_recv4(g_socket_in, (char*)g_inbuffer, LIVESYNC_INCOMING_BUFFSIZE, 12+(char*)in_ip, &in_port);

    /* Expect at least tracker id and packet type */
    if( datalen <= (ssize_t)(sizeof( g_tracker_id ) + sizeof( uint32_t )) )
      continue;
    if( !memcmp( g_inbuffer, &g_tracker_id, sizeof( g_tracker_id ) ) ) {
      /* drop packet coming from ourselves */
      continue;
    }
    switch( uint32_read_big( sizeof( g_tracker_id ) + (char*)g_inbuffer ) ) {
    case OT_SYNC_PEER:
      livesync_handle_peersync( datalen );
      break;
    default:
      // fprintf( stderr, "Received an unknown live sync packet type %u.\n", uint32_read_big( sizeof( g_tracker_id ) + (char*)g_inbuffer ) );
      break;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}