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#include "first.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "stat_cache.h"
#include "fdevent.h"
#include "etag.h"
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <assert.h>
#ifdef HAVE_ATTR_ATTRIBUTES_H
# include <attr/attributes.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_EXTATTR_H
# include <sys/extattr.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
# include <fam.h>
#endif
#include "sys-mmap.h"
/* NetBSD 1.3.x needs it */
#ifndef MAP_FAILED
# define MAP_FAILED -1
#endif
#ifndef O_LARGEFILE
# define O_LARGEFILE 0
#endif
#ifndef HAVE_LSTAT
# define lstat stat
#endif
#if 0
/* enables debug code for testing if all nodes in the stat-cache as accessable */
#define DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
#endif
/*
* stat-cache
*
* we cache the stat() calls in our own storage
* the directories are cached in FAM
*
* if we get a change-event from FAM, we increment the version in the FAM->dir mapping
*
* if the stat()-cache is queried we check if the version id for the directory is the
* same and return immediatly.
*
*
* What we need:
*
* - for each stat-cache entry we need a fast indirect lookup on the directory name
* - for each FAMRequest we have to find the version in the directory cache (index as userdata)
*
* stat <<-> directory <-> FAMRequest
*
* if file is deleted, directory is dirty, file is rechecked ...
* if directory is deleted, directory mapping is removed
*
* */
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
typedef struct {
FAMRequest *req;
buffer *name;
int version;
} fam_dir_entry;
#endif
/* the directory name is too long to always compare on it
* - we need a hash
* - the hash-key is used as sorting criteria for a tree
* - a splay-tree is used as we can use the caching effect of it
*/
/* we want to cleanup the stat-cache every few seconds, let's say 10
*
* - remove entries which are outdated since 30s
* - remove entries which are fresh but havn't been used since 60s
* - if we don't have a stat-cache entry for a directory, release it from the monitor
*/
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
typedef struct {
int *ptr;
size_t used;
size_t size;
} fake_keys;
static fake_keys ctrl;
#endif
stat_cache *stat_cache_init(void) {
stat_cache *sc = NULL;
sc = calloc(1, sizeof(*sc));
force_assert(NULL != sc);
sc->dir_name = buffer_init();
sc->hash_key = buffer_init();
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
sc->fam_fcce_ndx = -1;
#endif
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
ctrl.size = 0;
#endif
return sc;
}
static stat_cache_entry * stat_cache_entry_init(void) {
stat_cache_entry *sce = NULL;
sce = calloc(1, sizeof(*sce));
force_assert(NULL != sce);
sce->name = buffer_init();
sce->etag = buffer_init();
sce->content_type = buffer_init();
return sce;
}
static void stat_cache_entry_free(void *data) {
stat_cache_entry *sce = data;
if (!sce) return;
buffer_free(sce->etag);
buffer_free(sce->name);
buffer_free(sce->content_type);
free(sce);
}
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
static fam_dir_entry * fam_dir_entry_init(void) {
fam_dir_entry *fam_dir = NULL;
fam_dir = calloc(1, sizeof(*fam_dir));
force_assert(NULL != fam_dir);
fam_dir->name = buffer_init();
return fam_dir;
}
static void fam_dir_entry_free(FAMConnection *fc, void *data) {
fam_dir_entry *fam_dir = data;
if (!fam_dir) return;
FAMCancelMonitor(fc, fam_dir->req);
buffer_free(fam_dir->name);
free(fam_dir->req);
free(fam_dir);
}
#endif
void stat_cache_free(stat_cache *sc) {
while (sc->files) {
int osize;
splay_tree *node = sc->files;
osize = sc->files->size;
stat_cache_entry_free(node->data);
sc->files = splaytree_delete(sc->files, node->key);
force_assert(osize - 1 == splaytree_size(sc->files));
}
buffer_free(sc->dir_name);
buffer_free(sc->hash_key);
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
while (sc->dirs) {
int osize;
splay_tree *node = sc->dirs;
osize = sc->dirs->size;
fam_dir_entry_free(&sc->fam, node->data);
sc->dirs = splaytree_delete(sc->dirs, node->key);
if (osize == 1) {
force_assert(NULL == sc->dirs);
} else {
force_assert(osize == (sc->dirs->size + 1));
}
}
if (-1 != sc->fam_fcce_ndx) {
/* fd events already gone */
sc->fam_fcce_ndx = -1;
FAMClose(&sc->fam);
}
#endif
free(sc);
}
#if defined(HAVE_XATTR)
static int stat_cache_attr_get(buffer *buf, char *name, char *xattrname) {
int attrlen;
int ret;
buffer_string_prepare_copy(buf, 1023);
attrlen = buf->size - 1;
if(0 == (ret = attr_get(name, xattrname, buf->ptr, &attrlen, 0))) {
buffer_commit(buf, attrlen);
}
return ret;
}
#elif defined(HAVE_EXTATTR)
static int stat_cache_attr_get(buffer *buf, char *name, char *xattrname) {
ssize_t attrlen;
buffer_string_prepare_copy(buf, 1023);
if (-1 != (attrlen = extattr_get_file(name, EXTATTR_NAMESPACE_USER, xattrname, buf->ptr, buf->size - 1))) {
buf->used = attrlen + 1;
buf->ptr[attrlen] = '\0';
return 0;
}
return -1;
}
#endif
/* the famous DJB hash function for strings */
static uint32_t hashme(buffer *str) {
uint32_t hash = 5381;
const char *s;
for (s = str->ptr; *s; s++) {
hash = ((hash << 5) + hash) + *s;
}
hash &= ~(((uint32_t)1) << 31); /* strip the highest bit */
return hash;
}
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
handler_t stat_cache_handle_fdevent(server *srv, void *_fce, int revent) {
size_t i;
stat_cache *sc = srv->stat_cache;
size_t events;
UNUSED(_fce);
/* */
if (revent & FDEVENT_IN) {
events = FAMPending(&sc->fam);
for (i = 0; i < events; i++) {
FAMEvent fe;
fam_dir_entry *fam_dir;
splay_tree *node;
int ndx, j;
FAMNextEvent(&sc->fam, &fe);
/* handle event */
switch(fe.code) {
case FAMChanged:
case FAMDeleted:
case FAMMoved:
/* if the filename is a directory remove the entry */
fam_dir = fe.userdata;
fam_dir->version++;
/* file/dir is still here */
if (fe.code == FAMChanged) break;
/* we have 2 versions, follow and no-follow-symlink */
for (j = 0; j < 2; j++) {
buffer_copy_string(sc->hash_key, fe.filename);
buffer_append_int(sc->hash_key, j);
ndx = hashme(sc->hash_key);
sc->dirs = splaytree_splay(sc->dirs, ndx);
node = sc->dirs;
if (node && (node->key == ndx)) {
int osize = splaytree_size(sc->dirs);
fam_dir_entry_free(&sc->fam, node->data);
sc->dirs = splaytree_delete(sc->dirs, ndx);
force_assert(osize - 1 == splaytree_size(sc->dirs));
}
}
break;
default:
break;
}
}
}
if (revent & FDEVENT_HUP) {
/* fam closed the connection */
fdevent_event_del(srv->ev, &(sc->fam_fcce_ndx), FAMCONNECTION_GETFD(&sc->fam));
fdevent_unregister(srv->ev, FAMCONNECTION_GETFD(&sc->fam));
FAMClose(&sc->fam);
}
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
static int buffer_copy_dirname(buffer *dst, buffer *file) {
size_t i;
if (buffer_string_is_empty(file)) return -1;
for (i = buffer_string_length(file); i > 0; i--) {
if (file->ptr[i] == '/') {
buffer_copy_string_len(dst, file->ptr, i);
return 0;
}
}
return -1;
}
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_LSTAT
static int stat_cache_lstat(server *srv, buffer *dname, struct stat *lst) {
if (lstat(dname->ptr, lst) == 0) {
return S_ISLNK(lst->st_mode) ? 0 : 1;
}
else {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sbs",
"lstat failed for:",
dname, strerror(errno));
};
return -1;
}
#endif
/***
*
*
*
* returns:
* - HANDLER_FINISHED on cache-miss (don't forget to reopen the file)
* - HANDLER_ERROR on stat() failed -> see errno for problem
*/
handler_t stat_cache_get_entry(server *srv, connection *con, buffer *name, stat_cache_entry **ret_sce) {
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
fam_dir_entry *fam_dir = NULL;
int dir_ndx = -1;
#endif
stat_cache_entry *sce = NULL;
stat_cache *sc;
struct stat st;
size_t k;
int fd;
struct stat lst;
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
size_t i;
#endif
int file_ndx;
*ret_sce = NULL;
/*
* check if the directory for this file has changed
*/
sc = srv->stat_cache;
buffer_copy_buffer(sc->hash_key, name);
buffer_append_int(sc->hash_key, con->conf.follow_symlink);
file_ndx = hashme(sc->hash_key);
sc->files = splaytree_splay(sc->files, file_ndx);
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
for (i = 0; i < ctrl.used; i++) {
if (ctrl.ptr[i] == file_ndx) break;
}
#endif
if (sc->files && (sc->files->key == file_ndx)) {
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
/* it was in the cache */
force_assert(i < ctrl.used);
#endif
/* we have seen this file already and
* don't stat() it again in the same second */
sce = sc->files->data;
/* check if the name is the same, we might have a collision */
if (buffer_is_equal(name, sce->name)) {
if (srv->srvconf.stat_cache_engine == STAT_CACHE_ENGINE_SIMPLE) {
if (sce->stat_ts == srv->cur_ts && con->conf.follow_symlink) {
*ret_sce = sce;
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
}
} else {
/* collision, forget about the entry */
sce = NULL;
}
} else {
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
if (i != ctrl.used) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "xSB",
file_ndx, "was already inserted but not found in cache, ", name);
}
force_assert(i == ctrl.used);
#endif
}
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
/* dir-check */
if (srv->srvconf.stat_cache_engine == STAT_CACHE_ENGINE_FAM) {
if (0 != buffer_copy_dirname(sc->dir_name, name)) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sb",
"no '/' found in filename:", name);
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
buffer_copy_buffer(sc->hash_key, sc->dir_name);
buffer_append_int(sc->hash_key, con->conf.follow_symlink);
dir_ndx = hashme(sc->hash_key);
sc->dirs = splaytree_splay(sc->dirs, dir_ndx);
if ((NULL != sc->dirs) && (sc->dirs->key == dir_ndx)) {
fam_dir = sc->dirs->data;
/* check whether we got a collision */
if (buffer_is_equal(sc->dir_name, fam_dir->name)) {
/* test whether a found file cache entry is still ok */
if ((NULL != sce) && (fam_dir->version == sce->dir_version)) {
/* the stat()-cache entry is still ok */
*ret_sce = sce;
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
} else {
/* hash collision, forget about the entry */
fam_dir = NULL;
}
}
}
#endif
/*
* *lol*
* - open() + fstat() on a named-pipe results in a (intended) hang.
* - stat() if regular file + open() to see if we can read from it is better
*
* */
if (-1 == stat(name->ptr, &st)) {
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
/* fix broken stat/open for symlinks to reg files with appended slash on freebsd,osx */
if (name->ptr[buffer_string_length(name) - 1] == '/') {
errno = ENOTDIR;
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
/* try to open the file to check if we can read it */
if (-1 == (fd = open(name->ptr, O_RDONLY))) {
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
close(fd);
}
if (NULL == sce) {
sce = stat_cache_entry_init();
buffer_copy_buffer(sce->name, name);
/* already splayed file_ndx */
if ((NULL != sc->files) && (sc->files->key == file_ndx)) {
/* hash collision: replace old entry */
stat_cache_entry_free(sc->files->data);
sc->files->data = sce;
} else {
int osize = splaytree_size(sc->files);
sc->files = splaytree_insert(sc->files, file_ndx, sce);
force_assert(osize + 1 == splaytree_size(sc->files));
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
if (ctrl.size == 0) {
ctrl.size = 16;
ctrl.used = 0;
ctrl.ptr = malloc(ctrl.size * sizeof(*ctrl.ptr));
force_assert(NULL != ctrl.ptr);
} else if (ctrl.size == ctrl.used) {
ctrl.size += 16;
ctrl.ptr = realloc(ctrl.ptr, ctrl.size * sizeof(*ctrl.ptr));
force_assert(NULL != ctrl.ptr);
}
ctrl.ptr[ctrl.used++] = file_ndx;
#endif
}
force_assert(sc->files);
force_assert(sc->files->data == sce);
}
sce->st = st;
sce->stat_ts = srv->cur_ts;
/* catch the obvious symlinks
*
* this is not a secure check as we still have a race-condition between
* the stat() and the open. We can only solve this by
* 1. open() the file
* 2. fstat() the fd
*
* and keeping the file open for the rest of the time. But this can
* only be done at network level.
*
* per default it is not a symlink
* */
#ifdef HAVE_LSTAT
sce->is_symlink = 0;
/* we want to only check for symlinks if we should block symlinks.
*/
if (!con->conf.follow_symlink) {
if (stat_cache_lstat(srv, name, &lst) == 0) {
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sb",
"found symlink", name);
#endif
sce->is_symlink = 1;
}
/*
* we assume "/" can not be symlink, so
* skip the symlink stuff if our path is /
**/
else if (buffer_string_length(name) > 1) {
buffer *dname;
char *s_cur;
dname = buffer_init();
buffer_copy_buffer(dname, name);
while ((s_cur = strrchr(dname->ptr, '/'))) {
buffer_string_set_length(dname, s_cur - dname->ptr);
if (dname->ptr == s_cur) {
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "s", "reached /");
#endif
break;
}
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sbs",
"checking if", dname, "is a symlink");
#endif
if (stat_cache_lstat(srv, dname, &lst) == 0) {
sce->is_symlink = 1;
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sb",
"found symlink", dname);
#endif
break;
};
};
buffer_free(dname);
};
};
#endif
if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
/* determine mimetype */
buffer_reset(sce->content_type);
#if defined(HAVE_XATTR) || defined(HAVE_EXTATTR)
if (con->conf.use_xattr) {
stat_cache_attr_get(sce->content_type, name->ptr, srv->srvconf.xattr_name->ptr);
}
#endif
/* xattr did not set a content-type. ask the config */
if (buffer_string_is_empty(sce->content_type)) {
size_t namelen = buffer_string_length(name);
for (k = 0; k < con->conf.mimetypes->used; k++) {
data_string *ds = (data_string *)con->conf.mimetypes->data[k];
buffer *type = ds->key;
size_t typelen = buffer_string_length(type);
if (buffer_is_empty(type)) continue;
/* check if the right side is the same */
if (typelen > namelen) continue;
if (0 == strncasecmp(name->ptr + namelen - typelen, type->ptr, typelen)) {
buffer_copy_buffer(sce->content_type, ds->value);
break;
}
}
}
etag_create(sce->etag, &(sce->st), con->etag_flags);
} else if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
etag_create(sce->etag, &(sce->st), con->etag_flags);
}
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
if (srv->srvconf.stat_cache_engine == STAT_CACHE_ENGINE_FAM) {
/* is this directory already registered ? */
if (NULL == fam_dir) {
fam_dir = fam_dir_entry_init();
buffer_copy_buffer(fam_dir->name, sc->dir_name);
fam_dir->version = 1;
fam_dir->req = calloc(1, sizeof(FAMRequest));
force_assert(NULL != fam_dir);
if (0 != FAMMonitorDirectory(&sc->fam, fam_dir->name->ptr,
fam_dir->req, fam_dir)) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sbsbs",
"monitoring dir failed:",
fam_dir->name,
"file:", name,
FamErrlist[FAMErrno]);
fam_dir_entry_free(&sc->fam, fam_dir);
fam_dir = NULL;
} else {
int osize = splaytree_size(sc->dirs);
/* already splayed dir_ndx */
if ((NULL != sc->dirs) && (sc->dirs->key == dir_ndx)) {
/* hash collision: replace old entry */
fam_dir_entry_free(&sc->fam, sc->dirs->data);
sc->dirs->data = fam_dir;
} else {
sc->dirs = splaytree_insert(sc->dirs, dir_ndx, fam_dir);
force_assert(osize == (splaytree_size(sc->dirs) - 1));
}
force_assert(sc->dirs);
force_assert(sc->dirs->data == fam_dir);
}
}
/* bind the fam_fc to the stat() cache entry */
if (fam_dir) {
sce->dir_version = fam_dir->version;
}
}
#endif
*ret_sce = sce;
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
int stat_cache_open_rdonly_fstat (server *srv, connection *con, buffer *name, struct stat *st) {
/*(Note: O_NOFOLLOW affects only the final path segment, the target file,
* not any intermediate symlinks along the path)*/
#ifndef O_BINARY
#define O_BINARY 0
#endif
#ifndef O_LARGEFILE
#define O_LARGEFILE 0
#endif
#ifndef O_NOCTTY
#define O_NOCTTY 0
#endif
#ifndef O_NONBLOCK
#define O_NONBLOCK 0
#endif
#ifndef O_NOFOLLOW
#define O_NOFOLLOW 0
#endif
const int oflags = O_BINARY | O_LARGEFILE | O_NOCTTY | O_NONBLOCK
| (con->conf.follow_symlink ? 0 : O_NOFOLLOW);
const int fd = open(name->ptr, O_RDONLY | oflags);
if (fd >= 0) {
if (0 == fstat(fd, st)) {
return fd;
} else {
close(fd);
}
}
UNUSED(srv); /*(might log_error_write(srv, ...) in the future)*/
return -1;
}
/**
* remove stat() from cache which havn't been stat()ed for
* more than 10 seconds
*
*
* walk though the stat-cache, collect the ids which are too old
* and remove them in a second loop
*/
static int stat_cache_tag_old_entries(server *srv, splay_tree *t, int *keys, size_t *ndx) {
stat_cache_entry *sce;
if (!t) return 0;
stat_cache_tag_old_entries(srv, t->left, keys, ndx);
stat_cache_tag_old_entries(srv, t->right, keys, ndx);
sce = t->data;
if (srv->cur_ts - sce->stat_ts > 2) {
keys[(*ndx)++] = t->key;
}
return 0;
}
int stat_cache_trigger_cleanup(server *srv) {
stat_cache *sc;
size_t max_ndx = 0, i;
int *keys;
sc = srv->stat_cache;
if (!sc->files) return 0;
keys = calloc(1, sizeof(int) * sc->files->size);
force_assert(NULL != keys);
stat_cache_tag_old_entries(srv, sc->files, keys, &max_ndx);
for (i = 0; i < max_ndx; i++) {
int ndx = keys[i];
splay_tree *node;
sc->files = splaytree_splay(sc->files, ndx);
node = sc->files;
if (node && (node->key == ndx)) {
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
size_t j;
int osize = splaytree_size(sc->files);
stat_cache_entry *sce = node->data;
#endif
stat_cache_entry_free(node->data);
sc->files = splaytree_delete(sc->files, ndx);
#ifdef DEBUG_STAT_CACHE
for (j = 0; j < ctrl.used; j++) {
if (ctrl.ptr[j] == ndx) {
ctrl.ptr[j] = ctrl.ptr[--ctrl.used];
break;
}
}
force_assert(osize - 1 == splaytree_size(sc->files));
#endif
}
}
free(keys);
return 0;
}