lighttpd 1.4.x https://www.lighttpd.net/
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/*
* mod_vhostdb_ldap - virtual hosts mapping from backend LDAP database
*
* Copyright(c) 2017 Glenn Strauss gstrauss()gluelogic.com All rights reserved
* License: BSD 3-clause (same as lighttpd)
*/
#include "first.h"
#include <ldap.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "base.h"
#include "http_vhostdb.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "plugin.h"
/*
* virtual host plugin using LDAP for domain to directory lookups
*/
typedef struct {
LDAP *ldap;
const buffer *filter;
log_error_st *errh;
const char *attr;
const char *host;
const char *basedn;
const char *binddn;
const char *bindpw;
const char *cafile;
unsigned short starttls;
struct timeval timeout;
} vhostdb_config;
typedef struct {
void *vdata;
} plugin_config;
typedef struct {
PLUGIN_DATA;
plugin_config defaults;
plugin_config conf;
} plugin_data;
static const char *default_cafile;
static void mod_vhostdb_dbconf_free (void *vdata)
{
vhostdb_config *dbconf = (vhostdb_config *)vdata;
if (!dbconf) return;
if (NULL != dbconf->ldap) ldap_unbind_ext_s(dbconf->ldap, NULL, NULL);
free(dbconf);
}
/*(copied from mod_authn_ldap.c)*/
static void mod_vhostdb_dbconf_add_scheme (server *srv, buffer *host)
{
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(host)) {
/* reformat hostname(s) as LDAP URIs (scheme://host:port) */
static const char *schemes[] = {
"ldap://", "ldaps://", "ldapi://", "cldap://"
};
char *b, *e = host->ptr;
buffer * const tb = srv->tmp_buf;
buffer_clear(tb);
while (*(b = e)) {
unsigned int j;
while (*b==' '||*b=='\t'||*b=='\r'||*b=='\n'||*b==',') ++b;
if (*b == '\0') break;
e = b;
while (*e!=' '&&*e!='\t'&&*e!='\r'&&*e!='\n'&&*e!=','&&*e!='\0')
++e;
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(tb))
buffer_append_string_len(tb, CONST_STR_LEN(","));
for (j = 0; j < sizeof(schemes)/sizeof(char *); ++j) {
if (buffer_eq_icase_ssn(b, schemes[j], strlen(schemes[j]))) {
break;
}
}
if (j == sizeof(schemes)/sizeof(char *))
buffer_append_string_len(tb, CONST_STR_LEN("ldap://"));
buffer_append_string_len(tb, b, (size_t)(e - b));
}
buffer_copy_buffer(host, tb);
}
}
static int mod_vhostdb_dbconf_setup (server *srv, const array *opts, void **vdata)
{
const buffer *filter = NULL;
const char *attr = "documentRoot";
const char *basedn=NULL,*binddn=NULL,*bindpw=NULL,*host=NULL,*cafile=NULL;
unsigned short starttls = 0;
long timeout = 2000000; /* set 2 sec default timeout (instead of infinite) */
for (size_t i = 0; i < opts->used; ++i) {
data_string *ds = (data_string *)opts->data[i];
if (ds->type == TYPE_STRING) {
if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("filter"))) {
filter = &ds->value;
} else if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("attr"))) {
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(&ds->value)) attr = ds->value.ptr;
} else if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("host"))) {
mod_vhostdb_dbconf_add_scheme(srv, &ds->value);
host = ds->value.ptr;
} else if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("base-dn"))) {
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(&ds->value)) basedn = ds->value.ptr;
} else if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("bind-dn"))) {
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(&ds->value)) binddn = ds->value.ptr;
} else if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("bind-pw"))) {
bindpw = ds->value.ptr;
} else if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("ca-file"))) {
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(&ds->value)) cafile = ds->value.ptr;
} else if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("starttls"))) {
starttls = config_plugin_value_tobool((data_unset *)ds, 1);
} else if (buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(&ds->key, CONST_STR_LEN("timeout"))) {
timeout = strtol(ds->value.ptr, NULL, 10);
}
}
}
/* required:
* - host
* - filter (LDAP query)
* - base-dn
*
* optional:
* - attr (LDAP attribute with docroot; default "documentRoot")
* - bind-dn
* - bind-pw
* - ca-file
* - starttls
*/
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(filter) && NULL != host && NULL != basedn) {
vhostdb_config *dbconf;
if (NULL == strchr(filter->ptr, '?')) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"ldap: filter is missing a replace-operator '?'");
return -1;
}
/* openldap sets FD_CLOEXEC on database socket descriptors
* (still race between creation of socket and fcntl FD_CLOEXEC)
* (YMMV with other LDAP client libraries) */
dbconf = (vhostdb_config *)calloc(1, sizeof(*dbconf));
dbconf->ldap = NULL;
dbconf->filter = filter;
dbconf->attr = attr;
dbconf->host = host;
dbconf->basedn = basedn;
dbconf->binddn = binddn;
dbconf->bindpw = bindpw;
dbconf->cafile = cafile;
dbconf->starttls = starttls;
dbconf->timeout.tv_sec = timeout / 1000000;
dbconf->timeout.tv_usec = timeout % 1000000;
*vdata = dbconf;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Note: a large portion of the LDAP code is copied verbatim from mod_authn_ldap
* with only changes being use of vhostdb_config instead of plugin_config struct
* and (const char *) strings in vhostdb_config instead of (buffer *).
*/
__attribute_cold__
static void mod_authn_ldap_err(log_error_st *errh, const char *file, unsigned long line, const char *fn, int err)
{
log_error(errh, file, line, "ldap: %s: %s", fn, ldap_err2string(err));
}
__attribute_cold__
static void mod_authn_ldap_opt_err(log_error_st *errh, const char *file, unsigned long line, const char *fn, LDAP *ld)
{
int err;
ldap_get_option(ld, LDAP_OPT_ERROR_NUMBER, &err);
mod_authn_ldap_err(errh, file, line, fn, err);
}
static void mod_authn_append_ldap_filter_escape(buffer * const filter, const buffer * const raw) {
/* [RFC4515] 3. String Search Filter Definition
*
* [...]
*
* The <valueencoding> rule ensures that the entire filter string is a
* valid UTF-8 string and provides that the octets that represent the
* ASCII characters "*" (ASCII 0x2a), "(" (ASCII 0x28), ")" (ASCII
* 0x29), "\" (ASCII 0x5c), and NUL (ASCII 0x00) are represented as a
* backslash "\" (ASCII 0x5c) followed by the two hexadecimal digits
* representing the value of the encoded octet.
*
* [...]
*
* As indicated by the <valueencoding> rule, implementations MUST escape
* all octets greater than 0x7F that are not part of a valid UTF-8
* encoding sequence when they generate a string representation of a
* search filter. Implementations SHOULD accept as input strings that
* are not valid UTF-8 strings. This is necessary because RFC 2254 did
* not clearly define the term "string representation" (and in
* particular did not mention that the string representation of an LDAP
* search filter is a string of UTF-8-encoded Unicode characters).
*
*
* https://www.ldap.com/ldap-filters
* Although not required, you may escape any other characters that you want
* in the assertion value (or substring component) of a filter. This may be
* accomplished by prefixing the hexadecimal representation of each byte of
* the UTF-8 encoding of the character to escape with a backslash character.
*/
const char * const b = raw->ptr;
const size_t rlen = buffer_string_length(raw);
for (size_t i = 0; i < rlen; ++i) {
size_t len = i;
char *f;
do {
/* encode all UTF-8 chars with high bit set
* (instead of validating UTF-8 and escaping only invalid UTF-8) */
if (((unsigned char *)b)[len] > 0x7f)
break;
switch (b[len]) {
default:
continue;
case '\0': case '(': case ')': case '*': case '\\':
break;
}
break;
} while (++len < rlen);
len -= i;
if (len) {
buffer_append_string_len(filter, b+i, len);
if ((i += len) == rlen) break;
}
/* escape * ( ) \ NUL ('\0') (and all UTF-8 chars with high bit set) */
buffer_string_prepare_append(filter, 3);
f = filter->ptr + buffer_string_length(filter);
f[0] = '\\';
f[1] = "0123456789abcdef"[(((unsigned char *)b)[i] >> 4) & 0xf];
f[2] = "0123456789abcdef"[(((unsigned char *)b)[i] ) & 0xf];
buffer_commit(filter, 3);
}
}
static LDAP * mod_authn_ldap_host_init(log_error_st *errh, vhostdb_config *s) {
LDAP *ld;
int ret;
ret = ldap_initialize(&ld, s->host);
if (LDAP_SUCCESS != ret) {
log_perror(errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ldap: ldap_initialize()");
return NULL;
}
ret = LDAP_VERSION3;
ret = ldap_set_option(ld, LDAP_OPT_PROTOCOL_VERSION, &ret);
if (LDAP_OPT_SUCCESS != ret) {
mod_authn_ldap_err(errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ldap_set_options()", ret);
ldap_destroy(ld);
return NULL;
}
/* restart ldap functions if interrupted by a signal, e.g. SIGCHLD */
ldap_set_option(ld, LDAP_OPT_RESTART, LDAP_OPT_ON);
#ifdef LDAP_OPT_NETWORK_TIMEOUT /* OpenLDAP-specific */
ldap_set_option(ld, LDAP_OPT_NETWORK_TIMEOUT, &s->timeout);
#endif
#ifdef LDAP_OPT_TIMEOUT /* OpenLDAP-specific; OpenLDAP 2.4+ */
ldap_set_option(ld, LDAP_OPT_TIMEOUT, &s->timeout);
#endif
if (s->starttls) {
/* if no CA file is given, it is ok, as we will use encryption
* if the server requires a CAfile it will tell us */
if (s->cafile
&& (!default_cafile || 0 != strcmp(s->cafile, default_cafile))) {
ret = ldap_set_option(ld, LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE, s->cafile);
if (LDAP_OPT_SUCCESS != ret) {
mod_authn_ldap_err(errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"ldap_set_option(LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE)", ret);
ldap_destroy(ld);
return NULL;
}
}
ret = ldap_start_tls_s(ld, NULL, NULL);
if (LDAP_OPT_SUCCESS != ret) {
mod_authn_ldap_err(errh,__FILE__,__LINE__,"ldap_start_tls_s()",ret);
ldap_destroy(ld);
return NULL;
}
}
return ld;
}
static int mod_authn_ldap_bind(log_error_st *errh, LDAP *ld, const char *dn, const char *pw) {
struct berval creds;
int ret;
if (NULL != pw) {
*((const char **)&creds.bv_val) = pw; /*(cast away const)*/
creds.bv_len = strlen(pw);
} else {
creds.bv_val = NULL;
creds.bv_len = 0;
}
/* RFE: add functionality: LDAP_SASL_EXTERNAL (or GSS-SPNEGO, etc.) */
ret = ldap_sasl_bind_s(ld,dn,LDAP_SASL_SIMPLE,&creds,NULL,NULL,NULL);
if (ret != LDAP_SUCCESS) {
mod_authn_ldap_err(errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ldap_sasl_bind_s()", ret);
}
return ret;
}
static int mod_authn_ldap_rebind_proc (LDAP *ld, LDAP_CONST char *url, ber_tag_t ldap_request, ber_int_t msgid, void *params) {
vhostdb_config *s = (vhostdb_config *)params;
UNUSED(url);
UNUSED(ldap_request);
UNUSED(msgid);
return mod_authn_ldap_bind(s->errh, ld, s->binddn, s->bindpw);
}
static LDAPMessage * mod_authn_ldap_search(log_error_st *errh, vhostdb_config *s, char *base, char *filter) {
LDAPMessage *lm = NULL;
char *attrs[] = { LDAP_NO_ATTRS, NULL };
int ret;
/*
* 1. connect anonymously (if not already connected)
* (ldap connection is kept open unless connection-level error occurs)
* 2. issue search using filter
*/
if (s->ldap != NULL) {
ret = ldap_search_ext_s(s->ldap, base, LDAP_SCOPE_SUBTREE, filter,
attrs, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, &lm);
if (LDAP_SUCCESS == ret) {
return lm;
} else if (LDAP_SERVER_DOWN != ret) {
/* try again (or initial request);
* ldap lib sometimes fails for the first call but reconnects */
ret = ldap_search_ext_s(s->ldap, base, LDAP_SCOPE_SUBTREE, filter,
attrs, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, &lm);
if (LDAP_SUCCESS == ret) {
return lm;
}
}
ldap_unbind_ext_s(s->ldap, NULL, NULL);
}
s->ldap = mod_authn_ldap_host_init(errh, s);
if (NULL == s->ldap) {
return NULL;
}
ldap_set_rebind_proc(s->ldap, mod_authn_ldap_rebind_proc, s);
ret = mod_authn_ldap_bind(errh, s->ldap, s->binddn, s->bindpw);
if (LDAP_SUCCESS != ret) {
ldap_destroy(s->ldap);
s->ldap = NULL;
return NULL;
}
ret = ldap_search_ext_s(s->ldap, base, LDAP_SCOPE_SUBTREE, filter,
attrs, 0, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, &lm);
if (LDAP_SUCCESS != ret) {
log_error(errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"ldap: %s; filter: %s", ldap_err2string(ret), filter);
ldap_unbind_ext_s(s->ldap, NULL, NULL);
s->ldap = NULL;
return NULL;
}
return lm;
}
static void mod_vhostdb_patch_config (request_st * const r, plugin_data * const p);
static int mod_vhostdb_ldap_query(request_st * const r, void *p_d, buffer *docroot)
{
plugin_data *p = (plugin_data *)p_d;
vhostdb_config *dbconf;
LDAP *ld;
LDAPMessage *lm, *first;
struct berval **vals;
int count;
char *basedn;
const buffer *template;
/*(reuse buffer for ldap query before generating docroot result)*/
buffer *filter = docroot;
buffer_clear(filter); /*(also resets docroot (alias))*/
mod_vhostdb_patch_config(r, p);
if (NULL == p->conf.vdata) return 0; /*(after resetting docroot)*/
dbconf = (vhostdb_config *)p->conf.vdata;
log_error_st * const errh = r->conf.errh;
dbconf->errh = errh;
template = dbconf->filter;
for (char *b = template->ptr, *d; *b; b = d+1) {
if (NULL != (d = strchr(b, '?'))) {
buffer_append_string_len(filter, b, (size_t)(d - b));
mod_authn_append_ldap_filter_escape(filter, &r->uri.authority);
} else {
d = template->ptr + buffer_string_length(template);
buffer_append_string_len(filter, b, (size_t)(d - b));
break;
}
}
/* (cast away const for poor LDAP ldap_search_ext_s() prototype) */
*(const char **)&basedn = dbconf->basedn;
/* ldap_search (synchronous; blocking) */
lm = mod_authn_ldap_search(errh, dbconf, basedn, filter->ptr);
if (NULL == lm) {
return -1;
}
/*(must be after mod_authn_ldap_search(); might reconnect)*/
ld = dbconf->ldap;
count = ldap_count_entries(ld, lm);
if (count > 1) {
log_error(errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"ldap: more than one record returned. "
"you might have to refine the filter: %s", filter->ptr);
}
buffer_clear(docroot); /*(reset buffer to store result)*/
if (0 == count) { /*(no entries found)*/
ldap_msgfree(lm);
return 0;
}
if (NULL == (first = ldap_first_entry(ld, lm))) {
mod_authn_ldap_opt_err(errh,__FILE__,__LINE__,"ldap_first_entry()",ld);
ldap_msgfree(lm);
return -1;
}
if (NULL != (vals = ldap_get_values_len(ld, first, dbconf->attr))) {
buffer_copy_string_len(docroot, vals[0]->bv_val, vals[0]->bv_len);
ldap_value_free_len(vals);
}
ldap_msgfree(lm);
return 0;
}
INIT_FUNC(mod_vhostdb_init) {
static http_vhostdb_backend_t http_vhostdb_backend_ldap =
{ "ldap", mod_vhostdb_ldap_query, NULL };
plugin_data *p = calloc(1, sizeof(*p));
/* register http_vhostdb_backend_ldap */
http_vhostdb_backend_ldap.p_d = p;
http_vhostdb_backend_set(&http_vhostdb_backend_ldap);
return p;
}
FREE_FUNC(mod_vhostdb_cleanup) {
plugin_data * const p = p_d;
if (NULL == p->cvlist) return;
/* (init i to 0 if global context; to 1 to skip empty global context) */
for (int i = !p->cvlist[0].v.u2[1], used = p->nconfig; i < used; ++i) {
config_plugin_value_t *cpv = p->cvlist + p->cvlist[i].v.u2[0];
for (; -1 != cpv->k_id; ++cpv) {
if (cpv->vtype != T_CONFIG_LOCAL || NULL == cpv->v.v) continue;
switch (cpv->k_id) {
case 0: /* vhostdb.<db> */
mod_vhostdb_dbconf_free(cpv->v.v);
break;
default:
break;
}
}
}
default_cafile = NULL;
}
static void mod_vhostdb_merge_config_cpv(plugin_config * const pconf, const config_plugin_value_t * const cpv) {
switch (cpv->k_id) { /* index into static config_plugin_keys_t cpk[] */
case 0: /* vhostdb.<db> */
if (cpv->vtype == T_CONFIG_LOCAL)
pconf->vdata = cpv->v.v;
break;
default:/* should not happen */
return;
}
}
static void mod_vhostdb_merge_config(plugin_config * const pconf, const config_plugin_value_t *cpv) {
do {
mod_vhostdb_merge_config_cpv(pconf, cpv);
} while ((++cpv)->k_id != -1);
}
static void mod_vhostdb_patch_config(request_st * const r, plugin_data * const p) {
p->conf = p->defaults; /* copy small struct instead of memcpy() */
/*memcpy(&p->conf, &p->defaults, sizeof(plugin_config));*/
for (int i = 1, used = p->nconfig; i < used; ++i) {
if (config_check_cond(r, (uint32_t)p->cvlist[i].k_id))
mod_vhostdb_merge_config(&p->conf,p->cvlist + p->cvlist[i].v.u2[0]);
}
}
SETDEFAULTS_FUNC(mod_vhostdb_set_defaults) {
static const config_plugin_keys_t cpk[] = {
{ CONST_STR_LEN("vhostdb.ldap"),
T_CONFIG_ARRAY_KVSTRING,
T_CONFIG_SCOPE_CONNECTION }
,{ NULL, 0,
T_CONFIG_UNSET,
T_CONFIG_SCOPE_UNSET }
};
plugin_data * const p = p_d;
if (!config_plugin_values_init(srv, p, cpk, "mod_vhostdb_ldap"))
return HANDLER_ERROR;
/* process and validate config directives
* (init i to 0 if global context; to 1 to skip empty global context) */
for (int i = !p->cvlist[0].v.u2[1]; i < p->nconfig; ++i) {
config_plugin_value_t *cpv = p->cvlist + p->cvlist[i].v.u2[0];
for (; -1 != cpv->k_id; ++cpv) {
switch (cpv->k_id) {
case 0: /* vhostdb.<db> */
if (cpv->v.a->used) {
if (0 != mod_vhostdb_dbconf_setup(srv, cpv->v.a, &cpv->v.v))
return HANDLER_ERROR;
if (NULL != cpv->v.v)
cpv->vtype = T_CONFIG_LOCAL;
}
break;
default:/* should not happen */
break;
}
}
}
/* initialize p->defaults from global config context */
if (p->nconfig > 0 && p->cvlist->v.u2[1]) {
const config_plugin_value_t *cpv = p->cvlist + p->cvlist->v.u2[0];
if (-1 != cpv->k_id)
mod_vhostdb_merge_config(&p->defaults, cpv);
}
vhostdb_config * const dbconf = (vhostdb_config *)p->defaults.vdata;
if (dbconf && dbconf->starttls && dbconf->cafile) {
const int ret =
ldap_set_option(NULL, LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE, dbconf->cafile);
if (LDAP_OPT_SUCCESS != ret) {
mod_authn_ldap_err(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"ldap_set_option(LDAP_OPT_X_TLS_CACERTFILE)", ret);
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
default_cafile = dbconf->cafile;
}
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
int mod_vhostdb_ldap_plugin_init (plugin *p);
int mod_vhostdb_ldap_plugin_init (plugin *p)
{
p->version = LIGHTTPD_VERSION_ID;
p->name = "vhostdb_ldap";
p->init = mod_vhostdb_init;
p->cleanup = mod_vhostdb_cleanup;
p->set_defaults = mod_vhostdb_set_defaults;
return 0;
}