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#include "first.h"
#include "buffer.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h> /* strftime() */
static const char hex_chars_lc[] = "0123456789abcdef";
static const char hex_chars_uc[] = "0123456789ABCDEF";
/**
* init the buffer
*
*/
buffer* buffer_init(void) {
buffer *b;
b = malloc(sizeof(*b));
force_assert(b);
b->ptr = NULL;
b->size = 0;
b->used = 0;
return b;
}
buffer *buffer_init_buffer(const buffer *src) {
buffer *b = buffer_init();
buffer_copy_buffer(b, src);
return b;
}
buffer *buffer_init_string(const char *str) {
buffer *b = buffer_init();
buffer_copy_string(b, str);
return b;
}
void buffer_free(buffer *b) {
if (NULL == b) return;
free(b->ptr);
free(b);
}
void buffer_free_ptr(buffer *b) {
free(b->ptr);
b->ptr = NULL;
b->used = 0;
b->size = 0;
}
void buffer_move(buffer * restrict b, buffer * restrict src) {
buffer tmp;
force_assert(NULL != b);
force_assert(NULL != src);
buffer_clear(b);
tmp = *src; *src = *b; *b = tmp;
}
/* make sure buffer is at least "size" big + 1 for '\0'. keep old data */
__attribute_cold__
static void buffer_realloc(buffer * const b, const size_t len) {
#define BUFFER_PIECE_SIZE 64uL /*(must be power-of-2)*/
const size_t sz = (len + 1 + BUFFER_PIECE_SIZE-1) & ~(BUFFER_PIECE_SIZE-1);
force_assert(sz > len);
b->size = sz;
b->ptr = realloc(b->ptr, sz);
force_assert(NULL != b->ptr);
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void buffer_alloc_replace(buffer * const b, const size_t size) {
force_assert(NULL != b);
/*(discard old data so realloc() does not copy)*/
if (NULL != b->ptr) {
free(b->ptr);
b->ptr = NULL;
}
buffer_realloc(b, size);
}
char* buffer_string_prepare_copy(buffer * const b, const size_t size) {
if (NULL == b->ptr || size >= b->size) buffer_alloc_replace(b, size);
b->used = 0;
return b->ptr;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
__attribute_returns_nonnull__
static char* buffer_string_prepare_append_resize(buffer * const b, const size_t size) {
force_assert(NULL != b);
if (buffer_string_is_empty(b)) {
return buffer_string_prepare_copy(b, size);
} else {
/* not empty, b->used already includes a terminating 0 */
size_t req_size = b->used + size;
/* check for overflow: unsigned overflow is defined to wrap around */
force_assert(req_size >= b->used);
buffer_realloc(b, req_size);
return b->ptr + b->used - 1;
}
}
char* buffer_string_prepare_append(buffer * const b, const size_t size) {
return (NULL != b->ptr && size < b->size - b->used)
? b->ptr + b->used - (0 != b->used)
: buffer_string_prepare_append_resize(b, size);
}
void buffer_string_set_length(buffer *b, uint32_t len) {
force_assert(NULL != b);
if (len >= b->size) buffer_realloc(b, len);
b->used = len + 1;
b->ptr[len] = '\0';
}
void buffer_commit(buffer *b, size_t size)
{
force_assert(NULL != b);
force_assert(b->size > 0);
if (0 == b->used) b->used = 1;
if (size > 0) {
/* check for overflow: unsigned overflow is defined to wrap around */
size_t sz = b->used + size;
force_assert(sz > b->used);
force_assert(sz <= b->size);
b->used = sz;
}
b->ptr[b->used - 1] = '\0';
}
void buffer_copy_string(buffer * restrict b, const char * restrict s) {
buffer_copy_string_len(b, s, NULL != s ? strlen(s) : 0);
}
void buffer_copy_string_len(buffer * const restrict b, const char * const restrict s, const size_t s_len) {
if (NULL == b->ptr || s_len >= b->size) buffer_alloc_replace(b, s_len);
b->used = s_len + 1;
b->ptr[s_len] = '\0';
if (0 != s_len) memcpy(b->ptr, s, s_len); /*(s might be NULL)*/
}
void buffer_append_string(buffer * restrict b, const char * restrict s) {
buffer_append_string_len(b, s, NULL != s ? strlen(s) : 0);
}
/**
* append a string to the end of the buffer
*
* the resulting buffer is terminated with a '\0'
* s is treated as a un-terminated string (a \0 is handled a normal character)
*
* @param b a buffer
* @param s the string
* @param s_len size of the string (without the terminating \0)
*/
void buffer_append_string_len(buffer * const restrict b, const char * const restrict s, const size_t s_len) {
char * const target_buf = buffer_string_prepare_append(b, s_len);
b->used += s_len + (0 == b->used); /*(must include '\0' for append)*/
target_buf[s_len] = '\0';
/*(s might be NULL if 0 == s_len)*/
if (s_len) memcpy(target_buf, s, s_len);
}
void buffer_append_path_len(buffer * restrict b, const char * restrict a, size_t alen) {
size_t blen = buffer_string_length(b);
int aslash = (alen && a[0] == '/');
buffer_string_prepare_append(b, alen+2); /*(+ '/' and + '\0' if 0 == blen)*/
if (blen && b->ptr[blen-1] == '/') {
if (aslash) --b->used;
}
else {
if (!b->used) ++b->used;
if (!aslash) b->ptr[++b->used - 2] = '/';
}
memcpy(b->ptr+b->used-1, a, alen);
b->ptr[(b->used += alen)-1] = '\0';
}
void buffer_append_uint_hex_lc(buffer *b, uintmax_t value) {
char *buf;
unsigned int shift = 0;
{
uintmax_t copy = value;
do {
copy >>= 8;
shift += 8; /* counting bits */
} while (0 != copy);
}
buf = buffer_string_prepare_append(b, shift >> 2); /*nibbles (4 bits)*/
buffer_commit(b, shift >> 2); /* will fill below */
while (shift > 0) {
shift -= 4;
*(buf++) = hex_chars_lc[(value >> shift) & 0x0F];
}
}
__attribute_returns_nonnull__
static char* utostr(char * const buf_end, uintmax_t val) {
char *cur = buf_end;
do {
int mod = val % 10;
val /= 10;
/* prepend digit mod */
*(--cur) = (char) ('0' + mod);
} while (0 != val);
return cur;
}
__attribute_returns_nonnull__
static char* itostr(char * const buf_end, intmax_t val) {
/* absolute value not defined for INTMAX_MIN, but can take absolute
* value of any negative number via twos complement cast to unsigned.
* negative sign is prepended after (now unsigned) value is converted
* to string */
uintmax_t uval = val >= 0 ? (uintmax_t)val : ((uintmax_t)~val) + 1;
char *cur = utostr(buf_end, uval);
if (val < 0) *(--cur) = '-';
return cur;
}
void buffer_append_int(buffer *b, intmax_t val) {
char buf[LI_ITOSTRING_LENGTH];
char* const buf_end = buf + sizeof(buf);
char *str;
force_assert(NULL != b);
str = itostr(buf_end, val);
force_assert(buf_end > str && str >= buf);
buffer_append_string_len(b, str, buf_end - str);
}
void buffer_append_strftime(buffer * const restrict b, const char * const restrict format, const struct tm * const restrict tm) {
size_t rv;
char* buf;
force_assert(NULL != format);
if (NULL == tm) return;
buf = buffer_string_prepare_append(b, 255);
rv = strftime(buf, buffer_string_space(b), format, tm);
/* 0 (in some apis buffer_string_space(b)) signals the string may have
* been too small; but the format could also just have lead to an empty
* string
*/
if (0 == rv || rv >= buffer_string_space(b)) {
/* give it a second try with a larger string */
buf = buffer_string_prepare_append(b, 4095);
rv = strftime(buf, buffer_string_space(b), format, tm);
}
if (rv >= buffer_string_space(b)) rv = 0;
buffer_commit(b, rv);
}
size_t li_itostrn(char *buf, size_t buf_len, intmax_t val) {
char p_buf[LI_ITOSTRING_LENGTH];
char* const str = itostr(p_buf+sizeof(p_buf), val);
size_t len = (size_t)(p_buf+sizeof(p_buf)-str);
force_assert(len <= buf_len);
memcpy(buf, str, len);
return len;
}
size_t li_utostrn(char *buf, size_t buf_len, uintmax_t val) {
char p_buf[LI_ITOSTRING_LENGTH];
char* const str = utostr(p_buf+sizeof(p_buf), val);
size_t len = (size_t)(p_buf+sizeof(p_buf)-str);
force_assert(len <= buf_len);
memcpy(buf, str, len);
return len;
}
#define li_ntox_lc(n) ((n) <= 9 ? (n) + '0' : (n) + 'a' - 10)
char int2hex(char c) {
/*return li_ntox_lc(c & 0xF);*/
return hex_chars_lc[(c & 0x0F)];
}
/* c (char) and n (nibble) MUST be unsigned integer types */
#define li_cton(c,n) \
(((n) = (c) - '0') <= 9 || (((n) = ((c)&0xdf) - 'A') <= 5 ? ((n) += 10) : 0))
/* converts hex char (0-9, A-Z, a-z) to decimal.
* returns 0xFF on invalid input.
*/
char hex2int(unsigned char hex) {
unsigned char n;
return li_cton(hex,n) ? (char)n : 0xFF;
}
int buffer_eq_icase_ssn(const char * const a, const char * const b, const size_t len) {
for (size_t i = 0; i < len; ++i) {
unsigned int ca = ((unsigned char *)a)[i];
unsigned int cb = ((unsigned char *)b)[i];
if (ca != cb) {
ca |= 0x20;
cb |= 0x20;
if (ca != cb) return 0;
if (!light_islower(ca)) return 0;
if (!light_islower(cb)) return 0;
}
}
return 1;
}
int buffer_eq_icase_ss(const char * const a, const size_t alen, const char * const b, const size_t blen) {
/* 1 = equal; 0 = not equal */ /* short string sizes expected (< INT_MAX) */
return (alen == blen && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(a, b, blen));
}
int buffer_eq_icase_slen(const buffer * const b, const char * const s, const size_t slen) {
/* Note: b must be initialized, i.e. 0 != b->used; uninitialized is not eq*/
/* 1 = equal; 0 = not equal */ /* short string sizes expected (< INT_MAX) */
return (b->used == slen + 1 && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(b->ptr, s, slen));
}
int buffer_eq_slen(const buffer * const b, const char * const s, const size_t slen) {
/* Note: b must be initialized, i.e. 0 != b->used; uninitialized is not eq*/
/* 1 = equal; 0 = not equal */ /* short string sizes expected (< INT_MAX) */
return (b->used == slen + 1 && 0 == memcmp(b->ptr, s, slen));
}
/**
* check if two buffer contain the same data
*/
int buffer_is_equal(const buffer *a, const buffer *b) {
force_assert(NULL != a && NULL != b);
/* 1 = equal; 0 = not equal */
return (a->used == b->used && 0 == memcmp(a->ptr, b->ptr, a->used));
}
int buffer_is_equal_string(const buffer *a, const char *s, size_t b_len) {
force_assert(NULL != a && NULL != s);
force_assert(b_len + 1 > b_len);
/* 1 = equal; 0 = not equal */
return (a->used == b_len + 1 && 0 == memcmp(a->ptr, s, b_len));
}
int buffer_is_equal_right_len(const buffer *b1, const buffer *b2, size_t len) {
/* no len -> equal */
if (len == 0) return 1;
/* len > 0, but empty buffers -> not equal */
if (b1->used == 0 || b2->used == 0) return 0;
/* buffers too small -> not equal */
if (b1->used - 1 < len || b2->used - 1 < len) return 0;
return 0 == memcmp(b1->ptr + b1->used - 1 - len, b2->ptr + b2->used - 1 - len, len);
}
void li_tohex_lc(char * const restrict buf, size_t buf_len, const char * const restrict s, size_t s_len) {
force_assert(2 * s_len > s_len);
force_assert(2 * s_len < buf_len);
for (size_t i = 0; i < s_len; ++i) {
buf[2*i] = hex_chars_lc[(s[i] >> 4) & 0x0F];
buf[2*i+1] = hex_chars_lc[s[i] & 0x0F];
}
buf[2*s_len] = '\0';
}
void li_tohex_uc(char * const restrict buf, size_t buf_len, const char * const restrict s, size_t s_len) {
force_assert(2 * s_len > s_len);
force_assert(2 * s_len < buf_len);
for (size_t i = 0; i < s_len; ++i) {
buf[2*i] = hex_chars_uc[(s[i] >> 4) & 0x0F];
buf[2*i+1] = hex_chars_uc[s[i] & 0x0F];
}
buf[2*s_len] = '\0';
}
void buffer_substr_replace (buffer * const restrict b, const size_t offset,
const size_t len, const buffer * const restrict replace)
{
const size_t blen = buffer_string_length(b);
const size_t rlen = buffer_string_length(replace);
if (rlen > len) {
buffer_string_set_length(b, blen-len+rlen);
memmove(b->ptr+offset+rlen, b->ptr+offset+len, blen-offset-len);
}
memcpy(b->ptr+offset, replace->ptr, rlen);
if (rlen < len) {
memmove(b->ptr+offset+rlen, b->ptr+offset+len, blen-offset-len);
buffer_string_set_length(b, blen-len+rlen);
}
}
void buffer_append_string_encoded_hex_lc(buffer * const restrict b, const char * const restrict s, size_t len) {
unsigned char * const p =
(unsigned char*) buffer_string_prepare_append(b, len*2);
buffer_commit(b, len*2); /* fill below */
for (size_t i = 0; i < len; ++i) {
p[(i<<1)] = hex_chars_lc[(s[i] >> 4) & 0x0F];
p[(i<<1)+1] = hex_chars_lc[(s[i]) & 0x0F];
}
}
void buffer_append_string_encoded_hex_uc(buffer * const restrict b, const char * const restrict s, size_t len) {
unsigned char * const p =
(unsigned char*) buffer_string_prepare_append(b, len*2);
buffer_commit(b, len*2); /* fill below */
for (size_t i = 0; i < len; ++i) {
p[(i<<1)] = hex_chars_uc[(s[i] >> 4) & 0x0F];
p[(i<<1)+1] = hex_chars_uc[(s[i]) & 0x0F];
}
}
/* everything except: ! ( ) * - . 0-9 A-Z _ a-z */
static const char encoded_chars_rel_uri_part[] = {
/*
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
*/
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 00 - 0F control chars */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 10 - 1F */
1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 1, /* 20 - 2F space " # $ % & ' + , / */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 30 - 3F : ; < = > ? */
1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 40 - 4F @ */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, /* 50 - 5F [ \ ] ^ */
1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 60 - 6F ` */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, /* 70 - 7F { | } DEL */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 80 - 8F */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 90 - 9F */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* A0 - AF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* B0 - BF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* C0 - CF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* D0 - DF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* E0 - EF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* F0 - FF */
};
/* everything except: ! ( ) * - . / 0-9 A-Z _ a-z */
static const char encoded_chars_rel_uri[] = {
/*
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
*/
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 00 - 0F control chars */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 10 - 1F */
1, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, /* 20 - 2F space " # $ % & ' + , */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 30 - 3F : ; < = > ? */
1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 40 - 4F @ */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 0, /* 50 - 5F [ \ ] ^ */
1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 60 - 6F ` */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 0, 1, /* 70 - 7F { | } DEL */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 80 - 8F */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 90 - 9F */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* A0 - AF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* B0 - BF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* C0 - CF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* D0 - DF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* E0 - EF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* F0 - FF */
};
static const char encoded_chars_html[] = {
/*
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
*/
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 00 - 0F control chars */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 10 - 1F */
0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 20 - 2F " & ' */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, /* 30 - 3F < > */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 40 - 4F */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 50 - 5F */
1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 60 - 6F ` */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, /* 70 - 7F DEL */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 80 - 8F */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 90 - 9F */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* A0 - AF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* B0 - BF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* C0 - CF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* D0 - DF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* E0 - EF */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* F0 - FF */
};
static const char encoded_chars_minimal_xml[] = {
/*
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F
*/
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 00 - 0F control chars */
1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, /* 10 - 1F */
0, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 1, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 20 - 2F " & ' */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 0, 1, 0, /* 30 - 3F < > */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 40 - 4F */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 50 - 5F */
1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 60 - 6F ` */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, /* 70 - 7F DEL */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 80 - 8F */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* 90 - 9F */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* A0 - AF */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* B0 - BF */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* C0 - CF */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* D0 - DF */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* E0 - EF */
0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, /* F0 - FF */
};
void buffer_append_string_encoded(buffer * const restrict b, const char * const restrict s, size_t s_len, buffer_encoding_t encoding) {
unsigned char *ds, *d;
size_t d_len, ndx;
const char *map = NULL;
if (0 == s_len) return;
force_assert(NULL != s);
switch(encoding) {
case ENCODING_REL_URI:
map = encoded_chars_rel_uri;
break;
case ENCODING_REL_URI_PART:
map = encoded_chars_rel_uri_part;
break;
case ENCODING_HTML:
map = encoded_chars_html;
break;
case ENCODING_MINIMAL_XML:
map = encoded_chars_minimal_xml;
break;
}
force_assert(NULL != map);
/* count to-be-encoded-characters */
for (ds = (unsigned char *)s, d_len = 0, ndx = 0; ndx < s_len; ds++, ndx++) {
if (map[*ds & 0xFF]) {
switch(encoding) {
case ENCODING_REL_URI:
case ENCODING_REL_URI_PART:
d_len += 3;
break;
case ENCODING_HTML:
case ENCODING_MINIMAL_XML:
d_len += 6;
break;
}
} else {
d_len++;
}
}
d = (unsigned char*) buffer_string_prepare_append(b, d_len);
buffer_commit(b, d_len); /* fill below */
for (ds = (unsigned char *)s, d_len = 0, ndx = 0; ndx < s_len; ds++, ndx++) {
if (map[*ds & 0xFF]) {
switch(encoding) {
case ENCODING_REL_URI:
case ENCODING_REL_URI_PART:
d[d_len++] = '%';
d[d_len++] = hex_chars_uc[((*ds) >> 4) & 0x0F];
d[d_len++] = hex_chars_uc[(*ds) & 0x0F];
break;
case ENCODING_HTML:
case ENCODING_MINIMAL_XML:
d[d_len++] = '&';
d[d_len++] = '#';
d[d_len++] = 'x';
d[d_len++] = hex_chars_uc[((*ds) >> 4) & 0x0F];
d[d_len++] = hex_chars_uc[(*ds) & 0x0F];
d[d_len++] = ';';
break;
}
} else {
d[d_len++] = *ds;
}
}
}
void buffer_append_string_c_escaped(buffer * const restrict b, const char * const restrict s, size_t s_len) {
unsigned char *ds, *d;
size_t d_len, ndx;
if (0 == s_len) return;
force_assert(NULL != s);
/* count to-be-encoded-characters */
for (ds = (unsigned char *)s, d_len = 0, ndx = 0; ndx < s_len; ds++, ndx++) {
if ((*ds < 0x20) /* control character */
|| (*ds >= 0x7f)) { /* DEL + non-ASCII characters */
switch (*ds) {
case '\t':
case '\r':
case '\n':
d_len += 2;
break;
default:
d_len += 4; /* \xCC */
break;
}
} else {
d_len++;
}
}
d = (unsigned char*) buffer_string_prepare_append(b, d_len);
buffer_commit(b, d_len); /* fill below */
for (ds = (unsigned char *)s, d_len = 0, ndx = 0; ndx < s_len; ds++, ndx++) {
if ((*ds < 0x20) /* control character */
|| (*ds >= 0x7f)) { /* DEL + non-ASCII characters */
d[d_len++] = '\\';
switch (*ds) {
case '\t':
d[d_len++] = 't';
break;
case '\r':
d[d_len++] = 'r';
break;
case '\n':
d[d_len++] = 'n';
break;
default:
d[d_len++] = 'x';
d[d_len++] = hex_chars_lc[((*ds) >> 4) & 0x0F];
d[d_len++] = hex_chars_lc[(*ds) & 0x0F];
break;
}
} else {
d[d_len++] = *ds;
}
}
}
void buffer_copy_string_encoded_cgi_varnames(buffer * const restrict b, const char * const restrict s, size_t s_len, int is_http_header) {
size_t i, j = 0;
force_assert(NULL != b);
force_assert(NULL != s || 0 == s_len);
buffer_string_prepare_copy(b, s_len + 5);
if (is_http_header) {
if (s_len == 12 && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(s, "Content-Type", 12)) {
buffer_copy_string_len(b, CONST_STR_LEN("CONTENT_TYPE"));
return;
}
buffer_copy_string_len(b, CONST_STR_LEN("HTTP_"));
j = 5; /* "HTTP_" */
}
for (i = 0; i < s_len; ++i) {
unsigned char cr = s[i];
if (light_isalpha(cr)) {
/* upper-case */
cr &= ~32;
} else if (!light_isdigit(cr)) {
cr = '_';
}
b->ptr[j++] = cr;
}
b->used = j;
b->ptr[b->used++] = '\0';
}
/* decodes url-special-chars inplace.
* replaces non-printable characters with '_'
*/
static void buffer_urldecode_internal(buffer * const url, const int is_query) {
unsigned char high, low;
char *src;
char *dst;
force_assert(NULL != url);
if (buffer_string_is_empty(url)) return;
force_assert('\0' == url->ptr[url->used-1]);
src = (char*) url->ptr;
if (!is_query) {
while ('\0' != *src && '%' != *src) ++src;
}
else {
for (; '\0' != *src && '%' != *src; ++src) {
if ('+' == *src) *src = ' ';
}
}
if ('\0' == *src) return;
dst = src;
while ('\0' != *src) {
if (is_query && *src == '+') {
*dst = ' ';
} else if (*src == '%') {
*dst = '%';
high = hex2int(*(src + 1));
if (0xFF != high) {
low = hex2int(*(src + 2));
if (0xFF != low) {
high = (high << 4) | low;
/* map control-characters out */
if (high < 32 || high == 127) high = '_';
*dst = high;
src += 2;
}
}
} else {
*dst = *src;
}
dst++;
src++;
}
*dst = '\0';
url->used = (dst - url->ptr) + 1;
}
void buffer_urldecode_path(buffer *url) {
buffer_urldecode_internal(url, 0);
}
void buffer_urldecode_query(buffer *url) {
buffer_urldecode_internal(url, 1);
}
int buffer_is_valid_UTF8(const buffer *b) {
/* https://www.w3.org/International/questions/qa-forms-utf-8 */
const unsigned char *c = (unsigned char *)b->ptr;
while (*c) {
/*(note: includes ctrls)*/
if ( c[0] < 0x80 ) { ++c; continue; }
if ( 0xc2 <= c[0] && c[0] <= 0xdf
&& 0x80 <= c[1] && c[1] <= 0xbf ) { c+=2; continue; }
if ( ( ( 0xe0 == c[0]
&& 0xa0 <= c[1] && c[1] <= 0xbf)
|| ( 0xe1 <= c[0] && c[0] <= 0xef && c[0] != 0xed
&& 0x80 <= c[1] && c[1] <= 0xbf)
|| ( 0xed == c[0]
&& 0x80 <= c[1] && c[1] <= 0x9f) )
&& 0x80 <= c[2] && c[2] <= 0xbf ) { c+=3; continue; }
if ( ( ( 0xf0 == c[0]
&& 0x90 <= c[1] && c[1] <= 0xbf)
|| ( 0xf1 <= c[0] && c[0] <= 0xf3
&& 0x80 <= c[1] && c[1] <= 0xbf)
|| ( 0xf4 == c[0]
&& 0x80 <= c[1] && c[1] <= 0x8f) )
&& 0x80 <= c[2] && c[2] <= 0xbf
&& 0x80 <= c[3] && c[3] <= 0xbf ) { c+=4; continue; }
return 0; /* invalid */
}
return 1; /* valid */
}
/* - special case: empty string returns empty string
* - on windows or cygwin: replace \ with /
* - strip leading spaces
* - prepends "/" if not present already
* - resolve "/../", "//" and "/./" the usual way:
* the first one removes a preceding component, the other two
* get compressed to "/".
* - "/." and "/.." at the end are similar, but always leave a trailing
* "/"
*
* /blah/.. gets /
* /blah/../foo gets /foo
* /abc/./xyz gets /abc/xyz
* /abc//xyz gets /abc/xyz
*
* NOTE: src and dest can point to the same buffer, in which case,
* the operation is performed in-place.
*/
void buffer_path_simplify(buffer *dest, buffer *src)
{
/* current character, the one before, and the one before that from input */
char c, pre1, pre2;
char *start, *slash, *walk, *out;
force_assert(NULL != dest && NULL != src);
if (buffer_string_is_empty(src)) {
buffer_copy_string_len(dest, CONST_STR_LEN(""));
return;
}
force_assert('\0' == src->ptr[src->used-1]);
#if defined(__WIN32) || defined(__CYGWIN__)
/* cygwin is treating \ and / the same, so we have to that too */
{
char *p;
for (p = src->ptr; *p; p++) {
if (*p == '\\') *p = '/';
}
}
#endif
walk = src->ptr;
start = dest->ptr;
out = dest->ptr;
slash = dest->ptr;
/* skip leading spaces */
while (*walk == ' ') {
walk++;
}
if (*walk == '.') {
if (walk[1] == '/' || walk[1] == '\0')
++walk;
else if (walk[1] == '.' && (walk[2] == '/' || walk[2] == '\0'))
walk+=2;
}
pre1 = 0;
c = *(walk++);
while (c != '\0') {
/* assert((src != dest || out <= walk) && slash <= out); */
/* the following comments about out and walk are only interesting if
* src == dest; otherwise the memory areas don't overlap anyway.
*/
pre2 = pre1;
pre1 = c;
/* possibly: out == walk - need to read first */
c = *walk;
*out = pre1;
out++;
walk++;
/* (out <= walk) still true; also now (slash < out) */
if (c == '/' || c == '\0') {
const size_t toklen = out - slash;
if (toklen == 3 && pre2 == '.' && pre1 == '.' && *slash == '/') {
/* "/../" or ("/.." at end of string) */
out = slash;
/* if there is something before "/..", there is at least one
* component, which needs to be removed */
if (out > start) {
out--;
while (out > start && *out != '/') out--;
}
/* don't kill trailing '/' at end of path */
if (c == '\0') out++;
/* slash < out before, so out_new <= slash + 1 <= out_before <= walk */
} else if (toklen == 1 || (pre2 == '/' && pre1 == '.')) {
/* "//" or "/./" or (("/" or "/.") at end of string) */
out = slash;
/* don't kill trailing '/' at end of path */
if (c == '\0') out++;
/* slash < out before, so out_new <= slash + 1 <= out_before <= walk */
}
slash = out;
}
}
buffer_string_set_length(dest, out - start);
}
void buffer_to_lower(buffer * const b) {
unsigned char * const restrict s = (unsigned char *)b->ptr;
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < b->used; ++i) {
if (light_isupper(s[i])) s[i] |= 0x20;
}
}
void buffer_to_upper(buffer * const b) {
unsigned char * const restrict s = (unsigned char *)b->ptr;
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < b->used; ++i) {
if (light_islower(s[i])) s[i] &= 0xdf;
}
}
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_LIBUNWIND
# define UNW_LOCAL_ONLY
# include <libunwind.h>
static void print_backtrace(FILE *file) {
unw_cursor_t cursor;
unw_context_t context;
int ret;
unsigned int frame = 0;
if (0 != (ret = unw_getcontext(&context))) goto error;
if (0 != (ret = unw_init_local(&cursor, &context))) goto error;
fprintf(file, "Backtrace:\n");
while (0 < (ret = unw_step(&cursor))) {
unw_word_t proc_ip = 0;
unw_proc_info_t procinfo;
char procname[256];
unw_word_t proc_offset = 0;
if (0 != (ret = unw_get_reg(&cursor, UNW_REG_IP, &proc_ip))) goto error;
if (0 == proc_ip) {
/* without an IP the other functions are useless; unw_get_proc_name would return UNW_EUNSPEC */
++frame;
fprintf(file, "%u: (nil)\n", frame);
continue;
}
if (0 != (ret = unw_get_proc_info(&cursor, &procinfo))) goto error;
if (0 != (ret = unw_get_proc_name(&cursor, procname, sizeof(procname), &proc_offset))) {
switch (-ret) {
case UNW_ENOMEM:
memset(procname + sizeof(procname) - 4, '.', 3);
procname[sizeof(procname) - 1] = '\0';
break;
case UNW_ENOINFO:
procname[0] = '?';
procname[1] = '\0';
proc_offset = 0;
break;
default:
snprintf(procname, sizeof(procname), "?? (unw_get_proc_name error %d)", -ret);
break;
}
}
++frame;
fprintf(file, "%u: %s (+0x%x) [%p]\n",
frame,
procname,
(unsigned int) proc_offset,
(void*)(uintptr_t)proc_ip);
}
if (0 != ret) goto error;
return;
error:
fprintf(file, "Error while generating backtrace: unwind error %i\n", (int) -ret);
}
#else
static void print_backtrace(FILE *file) {
UNUSED(file);
}
#endif
void log_failed_assert(const char *filename, unsigned int line, const char *msg) {
/* can't use buffer here; could lead to recursive assertions */
fprintf(stderr, "%s.%u: %s\n", filename, line, msg);
print_backtrace(stderr);
fflush(stderr);
abort();
}