lighttpd 1.4.x https://www.lighttpd.net/
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#include "first.h"
#include "server.h"
#include "stat_cache.h"
#include "keyvalue.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "connections.h"
#include "joblist.h"
#include "response.h"
#include "http_chunk.h"
#include "plugin.h"
#include <sys/types.h>
#include "sys-mmap.h"
#ifdef __WIN32
# include <winsock2.h>
#else
# include <sys/socket.h>
# include <sys/wait.h>
# include <netinet/in.h>
# include <arpa/inet.h>
#endif
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fdevent.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#ifdef HAVE_PIPE2
#define pipe_cloexec(pipefd) pipe2((pipefd), O_CLOEXEC)
#elif defined FD_CLOEXEC
#define pipe_cloexec(pipefd) \
( 0 == pipe(pipefd) \
&& 0 == fcntl(pipefd[0], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) \
&& 0 == fcntl(pipefd[1], F_SETFD, FD_CLOEXEC) \
? 0 \
: -1)
#else
#define pipe_cloexec(pipefd) pipe(pipefd)
#endif
enum {EOL_UNSET, EOL_N, EOL_RN};
typedef struct {
char **ptr;
size_t size;
size_t used;
} char_array;
typedef struct {
pid_t *ptr;
size_t used;
size_t size;
} buffer_pid_t;
typedef struct {
array *cgi;
unsigned short execute_x_only;
unsigned short xsendfile_allow;
array *xsendfile_docroot;
} plugin_config;
typedef struct {
PLUGIN_DATA;
buffer_pid_t cgi_pid;
buffer *parse_response;
plugin_config **config_storage;
plugin_config conf;
} plugin_data;
typedef struct {
pid_t pid;
int fd;
int fdtocgi;
int fde_ndx; /* index into the fd-event buffer */
int fde_ndx_tocgi; /* index into the fd-event buffer */
connection *remote_conn; /* dumb pointer */
plugin_data *plugin_data; /* dumb pointer */
buffer *response;
buffer *response_header;
buffer *cgi_handler; /* dumb pointer */
plugin_config conf;
} handler_ctx;
static handler_ctx * cgi_handler_ctx_init(void) {
handler_ctx *hctx = calloc(1, sizeof(*hctx));
force_assert(hctx);
hctx->response = buffer_init();
hctx->response_header = buffer_init();
hctx->fd = -1;
hctx->fdtocgi = -1;
return hctx;
}
static void cgi_handler_ctx_free(handler_ctx *hctx) {
buffer_free(hctx->response);
buffer_free(hctx->response_header);
free(hctx);
}
enum {FDEVENT_HANDLED_UNSET, FDEVENT_HANDLED_FINISHED, FDEVENT_HANDLED_NOT_FINISHED, FDEVENT_HANDLED_COMEBACK, FDEVENT_HANDLED_ERROR};
INIT_FUNC(mod_cgi_init) {
plugin_data *p;
p = calloc(1, sizeof(*p));
force_assert(p);
p->parse_response = buffer_init();
return p;
}
FREE_FUNC(mod_cgi_free) {
plugin_data *p = p_d;
buffer_pid_t *r = &(p->cgi_pid);
UNUSED(srv);
if (p->config_storage) {
size_t i;
for (i = 0; i < srv->config_context->used; i++) {
plugin_config *s = p->config_storage[i];
if (NULL == s) continue;
array_free(s->cgi);
array_free(s->xsendfile_docroot);
free(s);
}
free(p->config_storage);
}
if (r->ptr) free(r->ptr);
buffer_free(p->parse_response);
free(p);
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
SETDEFAULTS_FUNC(mod_fastcgi_set_defaults) {
plugin_data *p = p_d;
size_t i = 0;
config_values_t cv[] = {
{ "cgi.assign", NULL, T_CONFIG_ARRAY, T_CONFIG_SCOPE_CONNECTION }, /* 0 */
{ "cgi.execute-x-only", NULL, T_CONFIG_BOOLEAN, T_CONFIG_SCOPE_CONNECTION }, /* 1 */
{ "cgi.x-sendfile", NULL, T_CONFIG_BOOLEAN, T_CONFIG_SCOPE_CONNECTION }, /* 2 */
{ "cgi.x-sendfile-docroot", NULL, T_CONFIG_ARRAY, T_CONFIG_SCOPE_CONNECTION }, /* 3 */
{ NULL, NULL, T_CONFIG_UNSET, T_CONFIG_SCOPE_UNSET}
};
if (!p) return HANDLER_ERROR;
p->config_storage = calloc(1, srv->config_context->used * sizeof(plugin_config *));
force_assert(p->config_storage);
for (i = 0; i < srv->config_context->used; i++) {
data_config const* config = (data_config const*)srv->config_context->data[i];
plugin_config *s;
s = calloc(1, sizeof(plugin_config));
force_assert(s);
s->cgi = array_init();
s->execute_x_only = 0;
s->xsendfile_allow= 0;
s->xsendfile_docroot = array_init();
cv[0].destination = s->cgi;
cv[1].destination = &(s->execute_x_only);
cv[2].destination = &(s->xsendfile_allow);
cv[3].destination = s->xsendfile_docroot;
p->config_storage[i] = s;
if (0 != config_insert_values_global(srv, config->value, cv, i == 0 ? T_CONFIG_SCOPE_SERVER : T_CONFIG_SCOPE_CONNECTION)) {
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
if (s->xsendfile_docroot->used) {
size_t j;
for (j = 0; j < s->xsendfile_docroot->used; ++j) {
data_string *ds = (data_string *)s->xsendfile_docroot->data[j];
if (ds->type != TYPE_STRING) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "s",
"unexpected type for key cgi.x-sendfile-docroot; expected: cgi.x-sendfile-docroot = ( \"/allowed/path\", ... )");
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
if (ds->value->ptr[0] != '/') {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "SBs",
"cgi.x-sendfile-docroot paths must begin with '/'; invalid: \"", ds->value, "\"");
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
buffer_path_simplify(ds->value, ds->value);
buffer_append_slash(ds->value);
}
}
}
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
static int cgi_pid_add(server *srv, plugin_data *p, pid_t pid) {
int m = -1;
size_t i;
buffer_pid_t *r = &(p->cgi_pid);
UNUSED(srv);
for (i = 0; i < r->used; i++) {
if (r->ptr[i] > m) m = r->ptr[i];
}
if (r->size == 0) {
r->size = 16;
r->ptr = malloc(sizeof(*r->ptr) * r->size);
force_assert(r->ptr);
} else if (r->used == r->size) {
r->size += 16;
r->ptr = realloc(r->ptr, sizeof(*r->ptr) * r->size);
force_assert(r->ptr);
}
r->ptr[r->used++] = pid;
return m;
}
static int cgi_pid_del(server *srv, plugin_data *p, pid_t pid) {
size_t i;
buffer_pid_t *r = &(p->cgi_pid);
UNUSED(srv);
for (i = 0; i < r->used; i++) {
if (r->ptr[i] == pid) break;
}
if (i != r->used) {
/* found */
if (i != r->used - 1) {
r->ptr[i] = r->ptr[r->used - 1];
}
r->used--;
}
return 0;
}
static int cgi_response_parse(server *srv, connection *con, plugin_data *p, buffer *in) {
char *ns;
const char *s;
int line = 0;
UNUSED(srv);
buffer_copy_buffer(p->parse_response, in);
for (s = p->parse_response->ptr;
NULL != (ns = strchr(s, '\n'));
s = ns + 1, line++) {
const char *key, *value;
int key_len;
data_string *ds;
/* strip the \n */
ns[0] = '\0';
if (ns > s && ns[-1] == '\r') ns[-1] = '\0';
if (line == 0 &&
0 == strncmp(s, "HTTP/1.", 7)) {
/* non-parsed header ... we parse them anyway */
if ((s[7] == '1' ||
s[7] == '0') &&
s[8] == ' ') {
int status;
/* after the space should be a status code for us */
status = strtol(s+9, NULL, 10);
if (status >= 100 &&
status < 1000) {
/* we expected 3 digits and didn't got them */
con->parsed_response |= HTTP_STATUS;
con->http_status = status;
}
}
} else {
/* parse the headers */
key = s;
if (NULL == (value = strchr(s, ':'))) {
/* we expect: "<key>: <value>\r\n" */
continue;
}
key_len = value - key;
value += 1;
/* skip LWS */
while (*value == ' ' || *value == '\t') value++;
if (NULL == (ds = (data_string *)array_get_unused_element(con->response.headers, TYPE_STRING))) {
ds = data_response_init();
}
buffer_copy_string_len(ds->key, key, key_len);
buffer_copy_string(ds->value, value);
array_insert_unique(con->response.headers, (data_unset *)ds);
switch(key_len) {
case 4:
if (0 == strncasecmp(key, "Date", key_len)) {
con->parsed_response |= HTTP_DATE;
}
break;
case 6:
if (0 == strncasecmp(key, "Status", key_len)) {
int status = strtol(value, NULL, 10);
if (status >= 100 && status < 1000) {
con->http_status = status;
con->parsed_response |= HTTP_STATUS;
} else {
con->http_status = 502;
}
}
break;
case 8:
if (0 == strncasecmp(key, "Location", key_len)) {
con->parsed_response |= HTTP_LOCATION;
}
break;
case 10:
if (0 == strncasecmp(key, "Connection", key_len)) {
con->response.keep_alive = (0 == strcasecmp(value, "Keep-Alive")) ? 1 : 0;
con->parsed_response |= HTTP_CONNECTION;
}
break;
case 14:
if (0 == strncasecmp(key, "Content-Length", key_len)) {
con->response.content_length = strtoul(value, NULL, 10);
con->parsed_response |= HTTP_CONTENT_LENGTH;
}
break;
default:
break;
}
}
}
/* CGI/1.1 rev 03 - 7.2.1.2 */
if ((con->parsed_response & HTTP_LOCATION) &&
!(con->parsed_response & HTTP_STATUS)) {
con->http_status = 302;
}
return 0;
}
static int cgi_demux_response(server *srv, handler_ctx *hctx) {
plugin_data *p = hctx->plugin_data;
connection *con = hctx->remote_conn;
while(1) {
int n;
int toread;
#if defined(__WIN32)
buffer_string_prepare_copy(hctx->response, 4 * 1024);
#else
if (ioctl(con->fd, FIONREAD, &toread) || toread <= 4*1024) {
buffer_string_prepare_copy(hctx->response, 4 * 1024);
} else {
if (toread > MAX_READ_LIMIT) toread = MAX_READ_LIMIT;
buffer_string_prepare_copy(hctx->response, toread);
}
#endif
if (-1 == (n = read(hctx->fd, hctx->response->ptr, hctx->response->size - 1))) {
if (errno == EAGAIN || errno == EINTR) {
/* would block, wait for signal */
fdevent_event_add(srv->ev, &(hctx->fde_ndx), hctx->fd, FDEVENT_IN);
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_NOT_FINISHED;
}
/* error */
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sdd", strerror(errno), con->fd, hctx->fd);
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_ERROR;
}
if (n == 0) {
/* read finished */
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_FINISHED;
}
buffer_commit(hctx->response, n);
/* split header from body */
if (con->file_started == 0) {
int is_header = 0;
int is_header_end = 0;
size_t last_eol = 0;
size_t i, header_len;
buffer_append_string_buffer(hctx->response_header, hctx->response);
/**
* we have to handle a few cases:
*
* nph:
*
* HTTP/1.0 200 Ok\n
* Header: Value\n
* \n
*
* CGI:
* Header: Value\n
* Status: 200\n
* \n
*
* and different mixes of \n and \r\n combinations
*
* Some users also forget about CGI and just send a response and hope
* we handle it. No headers, no header-content seperator
*
*/
/* nph (non-parsed headers) */
if (0 == strncmp(hctx->response_header->ptr, "HTTP/1.", 7)) is_header = 1;
header_len = buffer_string_length(hctx->response_header);
for (i = 0; !is_header_end && i < header_len; i++) {
char c = hctx->response_header->ptr[i];
switch (c) {
case ':':
/* we found a colon
*
* looks like we have a normal header
*/
is_header = 1;
break;
case '\n':
/* EOL */
if (is_header == 0) {
/* we got a EOL but we don't seem to got a HTTP header */
is_header_end = 1;
break;
}
/**
* check if we saw a \n(\r)?\n sequence
*/
if (last_eol > 0 &&
((i - last_eol == 1) ||
(i - last_eol == 2 && hctx->response_header->ptr[i - 1] == '\r'))) {
is_header_end = 1;
break;
}
last_eol = i;
break;
}
}
if (is_header_end) {
if (!is_header) {
/* no header, but a body */
if (0 != http_chunk_append_buffer(srv, con, hctx->response_header)) {
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_ERROR;
}
} else {
const char *bstart;
size_t blen;
/* the body starts after the EOL */
bstart = hctx->response_header->ptr + i;
blen = header_len - i;
/**
* i still points to the char after the terminating EOL EOL
*
* put it on the last \n again
*/
i--;
/* string the last \r?\n */
if (i > 0 && (hctx->response_header->ptr[i - 1] == '\r')) {
i--;
}
buffer_string_set_length(hctx->response_header, i);
/* parse the response header */
cgi_response_parse(srv, con, p, hctx->response_header);
if (con->http_status >= 300 && con->http_status < 400) {
/*(con->parsed_response & HTTP_LOCATION)*/
data_string *ds;
if (NULL != (ds = (data_string *) array_get_element(con->response.headers, "Location"))
&& ds->value->ptr[0] == '/') {
if (++con->loops_per_request > 5) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sb", "too many internal loops while processing request:", con->request.orig_uri);
con->http_status = 500; /* Internal Server Error */
con->mode = DIRECT;
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_FINISHED;
}
buffer_copy_buffer(con->request.uri, ds->value);
if (con->request.content_length) {
if (con->request.content_length != con->request_content_queue->bytes_in) {
con->keep_alive = 0;
}
con->request.content_length = 0;
chunkqueue_reset(con->request_content_queue);
}
if (con->http_status != 307 && con->http_status != 308) {
/* Note: request body (if any) sent to initial dynamic handler
* and is not available to the internal redirect */
con->request.http_method = HTTP_METHOD_GET;
}
connection_response_reset(srv, con); /*(includes con->http_status = 0)*/
con->mode = DIRECT;
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_COMEBACK;
}
}
if (hctx->conf.xsendfile_allow) {
data_string *ds;
if (NULL != (ds = (data_string *) array_get_element(con->response.headers, "X-Sendfile"))) {
http_response_xsendfile(srv, con, ds->value, hctx->conf.xsendfile_docroot);
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_FINISHED;
}
}
if (blen > 0) {
if (0 != http_chunk_append_mem(srv, con, bstart, blen)) {
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_ERROR;
}
}
}
con->file_started = 1;
} else {
/*(reuse MAX_HTTP_REQUEST_HEADER as max size for response headers from backends)*/
if (header_len > MAX_HTTP_REQUEST_HEADER) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sb", "response headers too large for", con->uri.path);
con->http_status = 502; /* Bad Gateway */
con->mode = DIRECT;
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_FINISHED;
}
}
} else {
if (0 != http_chunk_append_buffer(srv, con, hctx->response)) {
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_ERROR;
}
if ((con->conf.stream_response_body & FDEVENT_STREAM_RESPONSE_BUFMIN)
&& chunkqueue_length(con->write_queue) > 65536 - 4096) {
if (!con->is_writable) {
/*(defer removal of FDEVENT_IN interest since
* connection_state_machine() might be able to send data
* immediately, unless !con->is_writable, where
* connection_state_machine() might not loop back to call
* mod_cgi_handle_subrequest())*/
fdevent_event_clr(srv->ev, &(hctx->fde_ndx), hctx->fd, FDEVENT_IN);
}
break;
}
}
#if 0
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ddss", con->fd, hctx->fd, connection_get_state(con->state), b->ptr);
#endif
}
return FDEVENT_HANDLED_NOT_FINISHED;
}
static void cgi_connection_close_fdtocgi(server *srv, handler_ctx *hctx) {
/*(closes only hctx->fdtocgi)*/
fdevent_event_del(srv->ev, &(hctx->fde_ndx_tocgi), hctx->fdtocgi);
fdevent_unregister(srv->ev, hctx->fdtocgi);
fdevent_sched_close(srv->ev, hctx->fdtocgi, 0);
hctx->fdtocgi = -1;
}
static void cgi_connection_close(server *srv, handler_ctx *hctx) {
int status;
pid_t pid;
plugin_data *p = hctx->plugin_data;
connection *con = hctx->remote_conn;
#ifndef __WIN32
/* the connection to the browser went away, but we still have a connection
* to the CGI script
*
* close cgi-connection
*/
if (hctx->fd != -1) {
/* close connection to the cgi-script */
fdevent_event_del(srv->ev, &(hctx->fde_ndx), hctx->fd);
fdevent_unregister(srv->ev, hctx->fd);
fdevent_sched_close(srv->ev, hctx->fd, 0);
}
if (hctx->fdtocgi != -1) {
cgi_connection_close_fdtocgi(srv, hctx); /*(closes only hctx->fdtocgi)*/
}
pid = hctx->pid;
con->plugin_ctx[p->id] = NULL;
cgi_handler_ctx_free(hctx);
/* if waitpid hasn't been called by response.c yet, do it here */
if (pid) {
/* check if the CGI-script is already gone */
switch(waitpid(pid, &status, WNOHANG)) {
case 0:
/* not finished yet */
#if 0
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sd", "(debug) child isn't done yet, pid:", pid);
#endif
break;
case -1:
/* */
if (errno == EINTR) break;
/*
* errno == ECHILD happens if _subrequest catches the process-status before
* we have read the response of the cgi process
*
* -> catch status
* -> WAIT_FOR_EVENT
* -> read response
* -> we get here with waitpid == ECHILD
*
*/
if (errno != ECHILD) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ss", "waitpid failed: ", strerror(errno));
}
/* anyway: don't wait for it anymore */
pid = 0;
break;
default:
if (WIFEXITED(status)) {
#if 0
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sd", "(debug) cgi exited fine, pid:", pid);
#endif
} else {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sd", "cgi died, pid:", pid);
}
pid = 0;
break;
}
if (pid) {
kill(pid, SIGTERM);
/* cgi-script is still alive, queue the PID for removal */
cgi_pid_add(srv, p, pid);
}
}
#endif
/* finish response (if not already con->file_started, con->file_finished) */
if (con->mode == p->id) {
http_response_backend_done(srv, con);
}
}
static handler_t cgi_connection_close_callback(server *srv, connection *con, void *p_d) {
plugin_data *p = p_d;
handler_ctx *hctx = con->plugin_ctx[p->id];
if (hctx) cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
static int cgi_write_request(server *srv, handler_ctx *hctx, int fd);
static handler_t cgi_handle_fdevent_send (server *srv, void *ctx, int revents) {
handler_ctx *hctx = ctx;
connection *con = hctx->remote_conn;
/*(joblist only actually necessary here in mod_cgi fdevent send if returning HANDLER_ERROR)*/
joblist_append(srv, con);
if (revents & FDEVENT_OUT) {
if (0 != cgi_write_request(srv, hctx, hctx->fdtocgi)) {
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
/* more request body to be sent to CGI */
}
if (revents & FDEVENT_HUP) {
/* skip sending remaining data to CGI */
if (con->request.content_length) {
chunkqueue *cq = con->request_content_queue;
chunkqueue_mark_written(cq, chunkqueue_length(cq));
if (cq->bytes_in != (off_t)con->request.content_length) {
con->keep_alive = 0;
}
}
cgi_connection_close_fdtocgi(srv, hctx); /*(closes only hctx->fdtocgi)*/
} else if (revents & FDEVENT_ERR) {
/* kill all connections to the cgi process */
#if 1
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "s", "cgi-FDEVENT_ERR");
#endif
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
return HANDLER_FINISHED;
}
static int cgi_recv_response(server *srv, handler_ctx *hctx) {
switch (cgi_demux_response(srv, hctx)) {
case FDEVENT_HANDLED_NOT_FINISHED:
break;
case FDEVENT_HANDLED_FINISHED:
/* we are done */
#if 0
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ddss", con->fd, hctx->fd, connection_get_state(con->state), "finished");
#endif
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
/* if we get a IN|HUP and have read everything don't exec the close twice */
return HANDLER_FINISHED;
case FDEVENT_HANDLED_COMEBACK:
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return HANDLER_COMEBACK;
case FDEVENT_HANDLED_ERROR:
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "s", "demuxer failed: ");
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return HANDLER_FINISHED;
}
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
static handler_t cgi_handle_fdevent(server *srv, void *ctx, int revents) {
handler_ctx *hctx = ctx;
connection *con = hctx->remote_conn;
joblist_append(srv, con);
if (revents & FDEVENT_IN) {
handler_t rc = cgi_recv_response(srv, hctx);/*(might invalidate hctx)*/
if (rc != HANDLER_GO_ON) return rc; /*(unless HANDLER_GO_ON)*/
}
/* perhaps this issue is already handled */
if (revents & FDEVENT_HUP) {
if (con->file_started) {
/* drain any remaining data from kernel pipe buffers
* even if (con->conf.stream_response_body
* & FDEVENT_STREAM_RESPONSE_BUFMIN)
* since event loop will spin on fd FDEVENT_HUP event
* until unregistered. */
handler_t rc;
do {
rc = cgi_recv_response(srv,hctx);/*(might invalidate hctx)*/
} while (rc == HANDLER_GO_ON); /*(unless HANDLER_GO_ON)*/
return rc; /* HANDLER_FINISHED or HANDLER_COMEBACK or HANDLER_ERROR */
} else if (!buffer_string_is_empty(hctx->response_header)) {
/* unfinished header package which is a body in reality */
con->file_started = 1;
if (0 != http_chunk_append_buffer(srv, con, hctx->response_header)) {
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
} else {
# if 0
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sddd", "got HUP from cgi", con->fd, hctx->fd, revents);
# endif
}
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
} else if (revents & FDEVENT_ERR) {
/* kill all connections to the cgi process */
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
#if 1
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "s", "cgi-FDEVENT_ERR");
#endif
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
return HANDLER_FINISHED;
}
static int cgi_env_add(void *venv, const char *key, size_t key_len, const char *val, size_t val_len) {
char_array *env = venv;
char *dst;
if (!key || !val) return -1;
dst = malloc(key_len + val_len + 2);
force_assert(dst);
memcpy(dst, key, key_len);
dst[key_len] = '=';
memcpy(dst + key_len + 1, val, val_len);
dst[key_len + 1 + val_len] = '\0';
if (env->size == 0) {
env->size = 16;
env->ptr = malloc(env->size * sizeof(*env->ptr));
force_assert(env->ptr);
} else if (env->size == env->used) {
env->size += 16;
env->ptr = realloc(env->ptr, env->size * sizeof(*env->ptr));
force_assert(env->ptr);
}
env->ptr[env->used++] = dst;
return 0;
}
/*(improved from network_write_mmap.c)*/
static off_t mmap_align_offset(off_t start) {
static off_t pagemask = 0;
if (0 == pagemask) {
long pagesize = sysconf(_SC_PAGESIZE);
if (-1 == pagesize) pagesize = 4096;
pagemask = ~((off_t)pagesize - 1); /* pagesize always power-of-2 */
}
return (start & pagemask);
}
/* returns: 0: continue, -1: fatal error, -2: connection reset */
/* similar to network_write_file_chunk_mmap, but doesn't use send on windows (because we're on pipes),
* also mmaps and sends complete chunk instead of only small parts - the files
* are supposed to be temp files with reasonable chunk sizes.
*
* Also always use mmap; the files are "trusted", as we created them.
*/
static ssize_t cgi_write_file_chunk_mmap(server *srv, connection *con, int fd, chunkqueue *cq) {
chunk* const c = cq->first;
off_t offset, toSend, file_end;
ssize_t r;
size_t mmap_offset, mmap_avail;
char *data;
force_assert(NULL != c);
force_assert(FILE_CHUNK == c->type);
force_assert(c->offset >= 0 && c->offset <= c->file.length);
offset = c->file.start + c->offset;
toSend = c->file.length - c->offset;
file_end = c->file.start + c->file.length; /* offset to file end in this chunk */
if (0 == toSend) {
chunkqueue_remove_finished_chunks(cq);
return 0;
}
/*(simplified from network_write_no_mmap.c:network_open_file_chunk())*/
UNUSED(con);
if (-1 == c->file.fd) {
if (-1 == (c->file.fd = fdevent_open_cloexec(c->file.name->ptr, O_RDONLY, 0))) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ssb", "open failed:", strerror(errno), c->file.name);
return -1;
}
}
/* (re)mmap the buffer if range is not covered completely */
if (MAP_FAILED == c->file.mmap.start
|| offset < c->file.mmap.offset
|| file_end > (off_t)(c->file.mmap.offset + c->file.mmap.length)) {
if (MAP_FAILED != c->file.mmap.start) {
munmap(c->file.mmap.start, c->file.mmap.length);
c->file.mmap.start = MAP_FAILED;
}
c->file.mmap.offset = mmap_align_offset(offset);
c->file.mmap.length = file_end - c->file.mmap.offset;
if (MAP_FAILED == (c->file.mmap.start = mmap(NULL, c->file.mmap.length, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, c->file.fd, c->file.mmap.offset))) {
if (toSend > 65536) toSend = 65536;
data = malloc(toSend);
force_assert(data);
if (-1 == lseek(c->file.fd, offset, SEEK_SET)
|| 0 >= (toSend = read(c->file.fd, data, toSend))) {
if (-1 == toSend) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ssbdo", "lseek/read failed:",
strerror(errno), c->file.name, c->file.fd, offset);
} else { /*(0 == toSend)*/
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sbdo", "unexpected EOF (input truncated?):",
c->file.name, c->file.fd, offset);
}
free(data);
return -1;
}
}
}
if (MAP_FAILED != c->file.mmap.start) {
force_assert(offset >= c->file.mmap.offset);
mmap_offset = offset - c->file.mmap.offset;
force_assert(c->file.mmap.length > mmap_offset);
mmap_avail = c->file.mmap.length - mmap_offset;
force_assert(toSend <= (off_t) mmap_avail);
data = c->file.mmap.start + mmap_offset;
}
r = write(fd, data, toSend);
if (MAP_FAILED == c->file.mmap.start) free(data);
if (r < 0) {
switch (errno) {
case EAGAIN:
case EINTR:
return 0;
case EPIPE:
case ECONNRESET:
return -2;
default:
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ssd",
"write failed:", strerror(errno), fd);
return -1;
}
}
if (r >= 0) {
chunkqueue_mark_written(cq, r);
}
return r;
}
static int cgi_write_request(server *srv, handler_ctx *hctx, int fd) {
connection *con = hctx->remote_conn;
chunkqueue *cq = con->request_content_queue;
chunk *c;
/* old comment: windows doesn't support select() on pipes - wouldn't be easy to fix for all platforms.
* solution: if this is still a problem on windows, then substitute
* socketpair() for pipe() and closesocket() for close() on windows.
*/
for (c = cq->first; c; c = cq->first) {
ssize_t r = -1;
switch(c->type) {
case FILE_CHUNK:
r = cgi_write_file_chunk_mmap(srv, con, fd, cq);
break;
case MEM_CHUNK:
if ((r = write(fd, c->mem->ptr + c->offset, buffer_string_length(c->mem) - c->offset)) < 0) {
switch(errno) {
case EAGAIN:
case EINTR:
/* ignore and try again */
r = 0;
break;
case EPIPE:
case ECONNRESET:
/* connection closed */
r = -2;
break;
default:
/* fatal error */
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ss", "write failed due to: ", strerror(errno));
r = -1;
break;
}
} else if (r > 0) {
chunkqueue_mark_written(cq, r);
}
break;
}
if (0 == r) break; /*(might block)*/
switch (r) {
case -1:
/* fatal error */
return -1;
case -2:
/* connection reset */
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "s", "failed to send post data to cgi, connection closed by CGI");
/* skip all remaining data */
chunkqueue_mark_written(cq, chunkqueue_length(cq));
break;
default:
break;
}
}
if (cq->bytes_out == (off_t)con->request.content_length) {
/* sent all request body input */
/* close connection to the cgi-script */
if (-1 == hctx->fdtocgi) { /*(received request body sent in initial send to pipe buffer)*/
--srv->cur_fds;
if (close(fd)) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sds", "cgi stdin close failed ", fd, strerror(errno));
}
} else {
cgi_connection_close_fdtocgi(srv, hctx); /*(closes only hctx->fdtocgi)*/
}
} else {
off_t cqlen = cq->bytes_in - cq->bytes_out;
if (cq->bytes_in != con->request.content_length && cqlen < 65536 - 16384) {
/*(con->conf.stream_request_body & FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST)*/
if (!(con->conf.stream_request_body & FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_POLLIN)) {
con->conf.stream_request_body |= FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_POLLIN;
con->is_readable = 1; /* trigger optimistic read from client */
}
}
if (-1 == hctx->fdtocgi) { /*(not registered yet)*/
hctx->fdtocgi = fd;
hctx->fde_ndx_tocgi = -1;
fdevent_register(srv->ev, hctx->fdtocgi, cgi_handle_fdevent_send, hctx);
}
if (0 == cqlen) { /*(chunkqueue_is_empty(cq))*/
if ((fdevent_event_get_interest(srv->ev, hctx->fdtocgi) & FDEVENT_OUT)) {
fdevent_event_set(srv->ev, &(hctx->fde_ndx_tocgi), hctx->fdtocgi, 0);
}
} else {
/* more request body remains to be sent to CGI so register for fdevents */
fdevent_event_set(srv->ev, &(hctx->fde_ndx_tocgi), hctx->fdtocgi, FDEVENT_OUT);
}
}
return 0;
}
static int cgi_create_env(server *srv, connection *con, plugin_data *p, handler_ctx *hctx, buffer *cgi_handler) {
pid_t pid;
int to_cgi_fds[2];
int from_cgi_fds[2];
struct stat st;
UNUSED(p);
#ifndef __WIN32
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(cgi_handler)) {
/* stat the exec file */
if (-1 == (stat(cgi_handler->ptr, &st))) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sbss",
"stat for cgi-handler", cgi_handler,
"failed:", strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
}
if (pipe_cloexec(to_cgi_fds)) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ss", "pipe failed:", strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
if (pipe_cloexec(from_cgi_fds)) {
close(to_cgi_fds[0]);
close(to_cgi_fds[1]);
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ss", "pipe failed:", strerror(errno));
return -1;
}
/* fork, execve */
switch (pid = fork()) {
case 0: {
/* child */
char **args;
int argc;
int i = 0;
char_array env;
char *c;
const char *s;
http_cgi_opts opts = { 0, 0, NULL, NULL };
/* move stdout to from_cgi_fd[1] */
dup2(from_cgi_fds[1], STDOUT_FILENO);
#ifndef FD_CLOEXEC
close(from_cgi_fds[1]);
/* not needed */
close(from_cgi_fds[0]);
#endif
/* move the stdin to to_cgi_fd[0] */
dup2(to_cgi_fds[0], STDIN_FILENO);
#ifndef FD_CLOEXEC
close(to_cgi_fds[0]);
/* not needed */
close(to_cgi_fds[1]);
#endif
/* create environment */
env.ptr = NULL;
env.size = 0;
env.used = 0;
http_cgi_headers(srv, con, &opts, cgi_env_add, &env);
/* for valgrind */
if (NULL != (s = getenv("LD_PRELOAD"))) {
cgi_env_add(&env, CONST_STR_LEN("LD_PRELOAD"), s, strlen(s));
}
if (NULL != (s = getenv("LD_LIBRARY_PATH"))) {
cgi_env_add(&env, CONST_STR_LEN("LD_LIBRARY_PATH"), s, strlen(s));
}
#ifdef __CYGWIN__
/* CYGWIN needs SYSTEMROOT */
if (NULL != (s = getenv("SYSTEMROOT"))) {
cgi_env_add(&env, CONST_STR_LEN("SYSTEMROOT"), s, strlen(s));
}
#endif
if (env.size == env.used) {
env.size += 16;
env.ptr = realloc(env.ptr, env.size * sizeof(*env.ptr));
}
env.ptr[env.used] = NULL;
/* set up args */
argc = 3;
args = malloc(sizeof(*args) * argc);
force_assert(args);
i = 0;
if (!buffer_string_is_empty(cgi_handler)) {
args[i++] = cgi_handler->ptr;
}
args[i++] = con->physical.path->ptr;
args[i ] = NULL;
/* search for the last / */
if (NULL != (c = strrchr(con->physical.path->ptr, '/'))) {
/* handle special case of file in root directory */
const char* physdir = (c == con->physical.path->ptr) ? "/" : con->physical.path->ptr;
/* temporarily shorten con->physical.path to directory without terminating '/' */
*c = '\0';
/* change to the physical directory */
if (-1 == chdir(physdir)) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ssb", "chdir failed:", strerror(errno), con->physical.path);
}
*c = '/';
}
/* we don't need the client socket */
for (i = 3; i < 256; i++) {
if (i != srv->errorlog_fd) close(i);
}
/* exec the cgi */
execve(args[0], args, env.ptr);
/* most log files may have been closed/redirected by this point,
* though stderr might still point to lighttpd.breakage.log */
perror(args[0]);
_exit(1);
}
case -1:
/* error */
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ss", "fork failed:", strerror(errno));
close(from_cgi_fds[0]);
close(from_cgi_fds[1]);
close(to_cgi_fds[0]);
close(to_cgi_fds[1]);
return -1;
default: {
/* parent process */
close(from_cgi_fds[1]);
close(to_cgi_fds[0]);
/* register PID and wait for them asynchronously */
hctx->pid = pid;
hctx->fd = from_cgi_fds[0];
hctx->fde_ndx = -1;
++srv->cur_fds;
if (0 == con->request.content_length) {
close(to_cgi_fds[1]);
} else {
/* there is content to send */
if (-1 == fdevent_fcntl_set_nb(srv->ev, to_cgi_fds[1])) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ss", "fcntl failed: ", strerror(errno));
close(to_cgi_fds[1]);
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return -1;
}
if (0 != cgi_write_request(srv, hctx, to_cgi_fds[1])) {
close(to_cgi_fds[1]);
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return -1;
}
++srv->cur_fds;
}
fdevent_register(srv->ev, hctx->fd, cgi_handle_fdevent, hctx);
if (-1 == fdevent_fcntl_set_nb(srv->ev, hctx->fd)) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ss", "fcntl failed: ", strerror(errno));
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return -1;
}
fdevent_event_set(srv->ev, &(hctx->fde_ndx), hctx->fd, FDEVENT_IN);
break;
}
}
return 0;
#else
return -1;
#endif
}
static buffer * cgi_get_handler(array *a, buffer *fn) {
size_t k, s_len = buffer_string_length(fn);
for (k = 0; k < a->used; ++k) {
data_string *ds = (data_string *)a->data[k];
size_t ct_len = buffer_string_length(ds->key);
if (buffer_is_empty(ds->key)) continue;
if (s_len < ct_len) continue;
if (0 == strncmp(fn->ptr + s_len - ct_len, ds->key->ptr, ct_len)) {
return ds->value;
}
}
return NULL;
}
#define PATCH(x) \
p->conf.x = s->x;
static int mod_cgi_patch_connection(server *srv, connection *con, plugin_data *p) {
size_t i, j;
plugin_config *s = p->config_storage[0];
PATCH(cgi);
PATCH(execute_x_only);
PATCH(xsendfile_allow);
PATCH(xsendfile_docroot);
/* skip the first, the global context */
for (i = 1; i < srv->config_context->used; i++) {
data_config *dc = (data_config *)srv->config_context->data[i];
s = p->config_storage[i];
/* condition didn't match */
if (!config_check_cond(srv, con, dc)) continue;
/* merge config */
for (j = 0; j < dc->value->used; j++) {
data_unset *du = dc->value->data[j];
if (buffer_is_equal_string(du->key, CONST_STR_LEN("cgi.assign"))) {
PATCH(cgi);
} else if (buffer_is_equal_string(du->key, CONST_STR_LEN("cgi.execute-x-only"))) {
PATCH(execute_x_only);
} else if (buffer_is_equal_string(du->key, CONST_STR_LEN("cgi.x-sendfile"))) {
PATCH(xsendfile_allow);
} else if (buffer_is_equal_string(du->key, CONST_STR_LEN("cgi.x-sendfile-docroot"))) {
PATCH(xsendfile_docroot);
}
}
}
return 0;
}
#undef PATCH
URIHANDLER_FUNC(cgi_is_handled) {
plugin_data *p = p_d;
buffer *fn = con->physical.path;
stat_cache_entry *sce = NULL;
struct stat stbuf;
struct stat *st;
buffer *cgi_handler;
if (con->mode != DIRECT) return HANDLER_GO_ON;
if (buffer_is_empty(fn)) return HANDLER_GO_ON;
mod_cgi_patch_connection(srv, con, p);
if (HANDLER_ERROR != stat_cache_get_entry(srv, con, con->physical.path, &sce)) {
st = &sce->st;
} else {
/* CGI might be executable even if it is not readable
* (stat_cache_get_entry() currently checks file is readable)*/
if (0 != stat(con->physical.path->ptr, &stbuf)) return HANDLER_GO_ON;
st = &stbuf;
}
if (!S_ISREG(st->st_mode)) return HANDLER_GO_ON;
if (p->conf.execute_x_only == 1 && (st->st_mode & (S_IXUSR | S_IXGRP | S_IXOTH)) == 0) return HANDLER_GO_ON;
if (NULL != (cgi_handler = cgi_get_handler(p->conf.cgi, fn))) {
handler_ctx *hctx = cgi_handler_ctx_init();
hctx->remote_conn = con;
hctx->plugin_data = p;
hctx->cgi_handler = cgi_handler;
memcpy(&hctx->conf, &p->conf, sizeof(plugin_config));
con->plugin_ctx[p->id] = hctx;
con->mode = p->id;
}
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
TRIGGER_FUNC(cgi_trigger) {
plugin_data *p = p_d;
size_t ndx;
/* the trigger handle only cares about lonely PID which we have to wait for */
#ifndef __WIN32
for (ndx = 0; ndx < p->cgi_pid.used; ndx++) {
int status;
switch(waitpid(p->cgi_pid.ptr[ndx], &status, WNOHANG)) {
case 0:
/* not finished yet */
#if 0
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sd", "(debug) child isn't done yet, pid:", p->cgi_pid.ptr[ndx]);
#endif
break;
case -1:
if (errno == ECHILD) {
/* someone else called waitpid... remove the pid to stop looping the error each time */
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "s", "cgi child vanished, probably someone else called waitpid");
cgi_pid_del(srv, p, p->cgi_pid.ptr[ndx]);
ndx--;
continue;
}
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "ss", "waitpid failed: ", strerror(errno));
return HANDLER_ERROR;
default:
if (WIFEXITED(status)) {
#if 0
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sd", "(debug) cgi exited fine, pid:", p->cgi_pid.ptr[ndx]);
#endif
} else if (WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
/* FIXME: what if we killed the CGI script with a kill(..., SIGTERM) ?
*/
if (WTERMSIG(status) != SIGTERM) {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sd", "cleaning up CGI: process died with signal", WTERMSIG(status));
}
} else {
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "s", "cleaning up CGI: ended unexpectedly");
}
cgi_pid_del(srv, p, p->cgi_pid.ptr[ndx]);
/* del modified the buffer structure
* and copies the last entry to the current one
* -> recheck the current index
*/
ndx--;
}
}
#endif
return HANDLER_GO_ON;
}
/*
* - HANDLER_GO_ON : not our job
* - HANDLER_FINISHED: got response
* - HANDLER_WAIT_FOR_EVENT: waiting for response
*/
SUBREQUEST_FUNC(mod_cgi_handle_subrequest) {
plugin_data *p = p_d;
handler_ctx *hctx = con->plugin_ctx[p->id];
chunkqueue *cq = con->request_content_queue;
if (con->mode != p->id) return HANDLER_GO_ON;
if (NULL == hctx) return HANDLER_GO_ON;
if ((con->conf.stream_response_body & FDEVENT_STREAM_RESPONSE_BUFMIN)
&& con->file_started) {
if (chunkqueue_length(con->write_queue) > 65536 - 4096) {
fdevent_event_clr(srv->ev, &(hctx->fde_ndx), hctx->fd, FDEVENT_IN);
} else if (!(fdevent_event_get_interest(srv->ev, hctx->fd) & FDEVENT_IN)) {
/* optimistic read from backend, which might re-enable FDEVENT_IN */
handler_t rc = cgi_recv_response(srv, hctx); /*(might invalidate hctx)*/
if (rc != HANDLER_GO_ON) return rc; /*(unless HANDLER_GO_ON)*/
}
}
if (cq->bytes_in != (off_t)con->request.content_length) {
/*(64k - 4k to attempt to avoid temporary files
* in conjunction with FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_BUFMIN)*/
if (cq->bytes_in - cq->bytes_out > 65536 - 4096
&& (con->conf.stream_request_body & FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_BUFMIN)){
con->conf.stream_request_body &= ~FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_POLLIN;
if (-1 != hctx->fd) return HANDLER_WAIT_FOR_EVENT;
} else {
handler_t r = connection_handle_read_post_state(srv, con);
if (!chunkqueue_is_empty(cq)) {
if (fdevent_event_get_interest(srv->ev, hctx->fdtocgi) & FDEVENT_OUT) {
return (r == HANDLER_GO_ON) ? HANDLER_WAIT_FOR_EVENT : r;
}
}
if (r != HANDLER_GO_ON) return r;
/* CGI environment requires that Content-Length be set.
* Send 411 Length Required if Content-Length missing.
* (occurs here if client sends Transfer-Encoding: chunked
* and module is flagged to stream request body to backend) */
if (-1 == con->request.content_length) {
return connection_handle_read_post_error(srv, con, 411);
}
}
}
if (-1 == hctx->fd) {
if (cgi_create_env(srv, con, p, hctx, hctx->cgi_handler)) {
con->http_status = 500;
con->mode = DIRECT;
return HANDLER_FINISHED;
}
#if 0
log_error_write(srv, __FILE__, __LINE__, "sdd", "subrequest, pid =", hctx, hctx->pid);
#endif
} else if (!chunkqueue_is_empty(con->request_content_queue)) {
if (0 != cgi_write_request(srv, hctx, hctx->fdtocgi)) {
cgi_connection_close(srv, hctx);
return HANDLER_ERROR;
}
}
/* if not done, wait for CGI to close stdout, so we read EOF on pipe */
return HANDLER_WAIT_FOR_EVENT;
}
int mod_cgi_plugin_init(plugin *p);
int mod_cgi_plugin_init(plugin *p) {
p->version = LIGHTTPD_VERSION_ID;
p->name = buffer_init_string("cgi");
p->connection_reset = cgi_connection_close_callback;
p->handle_subrequest_start = cgi_is_handled;
p->handle_subrequest = mod_cgi_handle_subrequest;
p->handle_trigger = cgi_trigger;
p->init = mod_cgi_init;
p->cleanup = mod_cgi_free;
p->set_defaults = mod_fastcgi_set_defaults;
p->data = NULL;
return 0;
}