lighttpd 1.4.x https://www.lighttpd.net/
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lighttpd1.4/src/request.c

871 lines
31 KiB

#include "first.h"
#include "request.h"
#include "base.h"
#include "burl.h"
#include "http_header.h"
#include "http_kv.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "sock_addr.h"
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
static int request_check_hostname(buffer * const host) {
enum { DOMAINLABEL, TOPLABEL } stage = TOPLABEL;
size_t i;
int label_len = 0;
size_t host_len, hostport_len;
char *colon;
int is_ip = -1; /* -1 don't know yet, 0 no, 1 yes */
int level = 0;
/*
* hostport = host [ ":" port ]
* host = hostname | IPv4address | IPv6address
* hostname = *( domainlabel "." ) toplabel [ "." ]
* domainlabel = alphanum | alphanum *( alphanum | "-" ) alphanum
* toplabel = alpha | alpha *( alphanum | "-" ) alphanum
* IPv4address = 1*digit "." 1*digit "." 1*digit "." 1*digit
* IPv6address = "[" ... "]"
* port = *digit
*/
/* IPv6 adress */
if (host->ptr[0] == '[') {
char *c = host->ptr + 1;
int colon_cnt = 0;
/* check the address inside [...] */
for (; *c && *c != ']'; c++) {
if (*c == ':') {
if (++colon_cnt > 7) {
return -1;
}
} else if (!light_isxdigit(*c) && '.' != *c) {
return -1;
}
}
/* missing ] */
if (!*c) {
return -1;
}
/* check port */
if (*(c+1) == ':') {
for (c += 2; *c; c++) {
if (!light_isdigit(*c)) {
return -1;
}
}
}
else if ('\0' != *(c+1)) {
/* only a port is allowed to follow [...] */
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
hostport_len = host_len = buffer_string_length(host);
if (NULL != (colon = memchr(host->ptr, ':', host_len))) {
char *c = colon + 1;
/* check portnumber */
for (; *c; c++) {
if (!light_isdigit(*c)) return -1;
}
/* remove the port from the host-len */
host_len = colon - host->ptr;
}
/* Host is empty */
if (host_len == 0) return -1;
/* if the hostname ends in a "." strip it */
if (host->ptr[host_len-1] == '.') {
/* shift port info one left */
if (NULL != colon) memmove(colon-1, colon, hostport_len - host_len);
buffer_string_set_length(host, --hostport_len);
if (--host_len == 0) return -1;
}
/* scan from the right and skip the \0 */
for (i = host_len; i-- > 0; ) {
const char c = host->ptr[i];
switch (stage) {
case TOPLABEL:
if (c == '.') {
/* only switch stage, if this is not the last character */
if (i != host_len - 1) {
if (label_len == 0) {
return -1;
}
/* check the first character at right of the dot */
if (is_ip == 0) {
if (!light_isalnum(host->ptr[i+1])) {
return -1;
}
} else if (!light_isdigit(host->ptr[i+1])) {
is_ip = 0;
} else if ('-' == host->ptr[i+1]) {
return -1;
} else {
/* just digits */
is_ip = 1;
}
stage = DOMAINLABEL;
label_len = 0;
level++;
} else if (i == 0) {
/* just a dot and nothing else is evil */
return -1;
}
} else if (i == 0) {
/* the first character of the hostname */
if (!light_isalnum(c)) {
return -1;
}
label_len++;
} else {
if (c != '-' && !light_isalnum(c)) {
return -1;
}
if (is_ip == -1) {
if (!light_isdigit(c)) is_ip = 0;
}
label_len++;
}
break;
case DOMAINLABEL:
if (is_ip == 1) {
if (c == '.') {
if (label_len == 0) {
return -1;
}
label_len = 0;
level++;
} else if (!light_isdigit(c)) {
return -1;
} else {
label_len++;
}
} else {
if (c == '.') {
if (label_len == 0) {
return -1;
}
/* c is either - or alphanum here */
if ('-' == host->ptr[i+1]) {
return -1;
}
label_len = 0;
level++;
} else if (i == 0) {
if (!light_isalnum(c)) {
return -1;
}
label_len++;
} else {
if (c != '-' && !light_isalnum(c)) {
return -1;
}
label_len++;
}
}
break;
}
}
/* a IP has to consist of 4 parts */
if (is_ip == 1 && level != 3) {
return -1;
}
if (label_len == 0) {
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
int http_request_host_normalize(buffer * const b, const int scheme_port) {
/*
* check for and canonicalize numeric IP address and portnum (optional)
* (IP address may be followed by ":portnum" (optional))
* - IPv6: "[...]"
* - IPv4: "x.x.x.x"
* - IPv4: 12345678 (32-bit decimal number)
* - IPv4: 012345678 (32-bit octal number)
* - IPv4: 0x12345678 (32-bit hex number)
*
* allow any chars (except ':' and '\0' and stray '[' or ']')
* (other code may check chars more strictly or more pedantically)
* ':' delimits (optional) port at end of string
* "[]" wraps IPv6 address literal
* '\0' should have been rejected earlier were it present
*
* any chars includes, but is not limited to:
* - allow '-' any where, even at beginning of word
* (security caution: might be confused for cmd flag if passed to shell)
* - allow all-digit TLDs
* (might be mistaken for IPv4 addr by inet_aton()
* unless non-digits appear in subdomain)
*/
/* Note: not using getaddrinfo() since it does not support "[]" around IPv6
* and is not as lenient as inet_aton() and inet_addr() for IPv4 strings.
* Not using inet_pton() (when available) on IPv4 for similar reasons. */
const char * const p = b->ptr;
const size_t blen = buffer_string_length(b);
long port = 0;
if (*p != '[') {
char * const colon = (char *)memchr(p, ':', blen);
if (colon) {
if (*p == ':') return -1; /*(empty host then port, or naked IPv6)*/
if (colon[1] != '\0') {
char *e;
port = strtol(colon+1, &e, 0); /*(allow decimal, octal, hex)*/
if (0 < port && port <= USHRT_MAX && *e == '\0') {
/* valid port */
} else {
return -1;
}
} /*(else ignore stray colon at string end)*/
buffer_string_set_length(b, (size_t)(colon - p)); /*(remove port str)*/
}
if (light_isdigit(*p)) do {
/* (IPv4 address literal or domain starting w/ digit (e.g. 3com))*/
/* (check one-element cache of normalized IPv4 address string) */
static struct { char s[INET_ADDRSTRLEN]; size_t n; } laddr;
size_t n = colon ? (size_t)(colon - p) : blen;
sock_addr addr;
if (n == laddr.n && 0 == memcmp(p, laddr.s, n)) break;
if (1 == sock_addr_inet_pton(&addr, p, AF_INET, 0)) {
sock_addr_inet_ntop_copy_buffer(b, &addr);
n = buffer_string_length(b);
if (n < sizeof(laddr.s)) memcpy(laddr.s, b->ptr, (laddr.n = n));
}
} while (0);
} else do { /* IPv6 addr */
#if defined(HAVE_IPV6) && defined(HAVE_INET_PTON)
/* (check one-element cache of normalized IPv4 address string) */
static struct { char s[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN]; size_t n; } laddr;
sock_addr addr;
char *bracket = b->ptr+blen-1;
char *percent = strchr(b->ptr+1, '%');
size_t len;
int rc;
char buf[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN+16]; /*(+16 for potential %interface name)*/
if (blen <= 2) return -1; /*(invalid "[]")*/
if (*bracket != ']') {
bracket = (char *)memchr(b->ptr+1, ']', blen-1);
if (NULL == bracket || bracket[1] != ':' || bracket - b->ptr == 1){
return -1;
}
if (bracket[2] != '\0') { /*(ignore stray colon at string end)*/
char *e;
port = strtol(bracket+2, &e, 0); /*(allow decimal, octal, hex)*/
if (0 < port && port <= USHRT_MAX && *e == '\0') {
/* valid port */
} else {
return -1;
}
}
}
len = (size_t)((percent ? percent : bracket) - (b->ptr+1));
if (laddr.n == len && 0 == memcmp(laddr.s, b->ptr+1, len)) {
/* truncate after ']' and re-add normalized port, if needed */
buffer_string_set_length(b, (size_t)(bracket - b->ptr + 1));
break;
}
*bracket = '\0';/*(terminate IPv6 string)*/
if (percent) *percent = '\0'; /*(remove %interface from address)*/
rc = sock_addr_inet_pton(&addr, b->ptr+1, AF_INET6, 0);
if (percent) *percent = '%'; /*(restore %interface)*/
*bracket = ']'; /*(restore bracket)*/
if (1 != rc) return -1;
sock_addr_inet_ntop(&addr, buf, sizeof(buf));
len = strlen(buf);
if (percent) {
if (percent > bracket) return -1;
if (len + (size_t)(bracket - percent) >= sizeof(buf)) return -1;
if (len < sizeof(laddr.s)) memcpy(laddr.s, buf, (laddr.n = len));
memcpy(buf+len, percent, (size_t)(bracket - percent));
len += (size_t)(bracket - percent);
}
buffer_string_set_length(b, 1); /* truncate after '[' */
buffer_append_string_len(b, buf, len);
buffer_append_string_len(b, CONST_STR_LEN("]"));
#else
return -1;
#endif
} while (0);
if (0 != port && port != scheme_port) {
buffer_append_string_len(b, CONST_STR_LEN(":"));
buffer_append_int(b, (int)port);
}
return 0;
}
__attribute_pure__
static int scheme_port (const buffer * const scheme)
{
return buffer_is_equal_string(scheme, CONST_STR_LEN("https")) ? 443 : 80;
}
int http_request_host_policy (buffer * const b, const buffer * const scheme, const unsigned int http_parseopts) {
return (((http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HOST_STRICT)
&& 0 != request_check_hostname(b))
|| ((http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HOST_NORMALIZE)
&& 0 != http_request_host_normalize(b, scheme_port(scheme))));
}
__attribute_pure__ /*(could be even more strict and use __attribute_const__)*/
static int request_uri_is_valid_char(const unsigned char c) {
return (c > 32 && c != 127 && c != 255);
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int http_request_header_line_invalid(connection * const con, const int status, const char * const msg) {
if (con->srv->srvconf.log_request_header_on_error) {
if (msg) log_error(con->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "%s", msg);
}
return status;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int http_request_header_char_invalid(connection * const con, const char ch, const char * const msg) {
if (con->srv->srvconf.log_request_header_on_error) {
if ((unsigned char)ch > 32 && ch != 127) {
log_error(con->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "%s ('%c')", msg, ch);
}
else {
log_error(con->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "%s (0x%x)", msg, ch);
}
}
return 400;
}
/* add header to list of headers
* certain headers are also parsed
* might drop a header if deemed unnecessary/broken
*
* returns 0 on success, HTTP status on error
*/
static int http_request_parse_single_header(connection * const con, const enum http_header_e id, const char * const k, const size_t klen, const char * const v, const size_t vlen) {
buffer **saveb = NULL;
/*
* Note: k might not be '\0'-terminated
* Note: v is not '\0'-terminated, and ends with whitespace
* (one of '\r' '\n' ' ' '\t')
*/
switch (id) {
/*case HTTP_HEADER_OTHER:*/
default:
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_HOST:
if (!(con->request.htags & HTTP_HEADER_HOST)) {
saveb = &con->request.http_host;
if (vlen >= 1024) { /*(expecting < 256)*/
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "uri-authority too long -> 400");
}
}
else if (NULL != con->request.http_host
&& buffer_is_equal_string(con->request.http_host, v, vlen)) {
/* ignore all Host: headers if match authority in request line */
return 0; /* ignore header */
}
else {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "duplicate Host header -> 400");
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_CONNECTION:
/* "Connection: close" is common case if header is present */
if ((vlen == 5 && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(v, CONST_STR_LEN("close")))
|| http_header_str_contains_token(v,vlen,CONST_STR_LEN("close"))) {
con->keep_alive = 0;
break;
}
if (http_header_str_contains_token(v,vlen,CONST_STR_LEN("keep-alive"))){
con->keep_alive = 1;
break;
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE:
if (con->request.htags & HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "duplicate Content-Type header -> 400");
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_IF_NONE_MATCH:
/* if dup, only the first one will survive */
if (con->request.htags & HTTP_HEADER_IF_NONE_MATCH) {
return 0; /* ignore header */
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH:
if (!(con->request.htags & HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH)) {
/*(trailing whitespace was removed from vlen)*/
char *err;
off_t clen = strtoll(v, &err, 10);
if (clen >= 0 && err == v+vlen) {
con->request.content_length = clen;
}
else {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "invalid Content-Length header -> 400");
}
}
else {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "duplicate Content-Length header -> 400");
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE:
if (con->request.htags & HTTP_HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE) {
/* Proxies sometimes send dup headers
* if they are the same we ignore the second
* if not, we raise an error */
const buffer *vb =
http_header_request_get(con, HTTP_HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE,
CONST_STR_LEN("If-Modified-Since"));
if (vb && buffer_is_equal_caseless_string(vb, v, vlen)) {
/* ignore it if they are the same */
return 0; /* ignore header */
}
else {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "duplicate If-Modified-Since header -> 400");
}
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_TRANSFER_ENCODING:
if (HTTP_VERSION_1_0 == con->request.http_version) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "HTTP/1.0 with Transfer-Encoding (bad HTTP/1.0 proxy?) -> 400");
}
if (!buffer_eq_icase_ss(v, vlen, CONST_STR_LEN("chunked"))) {
/* Transfer-Encoding might contain additional encodings,
* which are not currently supported by lighttpd */
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 501, NULL); /* Not Implemented */
}
con->request.content_length = -1;
/* Transfer-Encoding is a hop-by-hop header,
* which must not be blindly forwarded to backends */
return 0; /* skip header */
}
http_header_request_append(con, id, k, klen, v, vlen);
if (saveb) {
*saveb = http_header_request_get(con, id, k, klen);
}
return 0;
}
__attribute_cold__
static int http_request_parse_proto_loose(connection * const con, const char * const ptr, const size_t len) {
const char * proto = memchr(ptr, ' ', len);
if (NULL == proto)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "incomplete request line -> 400");
proto = memchr(proto+1, ' ', len - (proto+1 - ptr));
if (NULL == proto)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "incomplete request line -> 400");
++proto;
if (proto[0]=='H' && proto[1]=='T' && proto[2]=='T' && proto[3]=='P' && proto[4] == '/') {
if (proto[5] == '1' && proto[6] == '.' && (proto[7] == '1' || proto[7] == '0')) {
/* length already checked before calling this routine */
/* (len != (size_t)(proto - ptr + 8)) */
if (con->conf.http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT) /*(http_header_strict)*/
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "incomplete request line -> 400");
con->request.http_version = (proto[7] == '1') ? HTTP_VERSION_1_1 : HTTP_VERSION_1_0;
}
else
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 505, "unknown HTTP version -> 505");
}
else
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "unknown protocol -> 400");
/* keep-alive default: HTTP/1.1 -> true; HTTP/1.0 -> false */
con->keep_alive = (HTTP_VERSION_1_0 != con->request.http_version);
return 0;
}
__attribute_cold__
static const char * http_request_parse_uri_alt(connection * const con, const char * const uri, const size_t len) {
const char *nuri;
if ((len > 7 && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(uri, "http://", 7)
&& NULL != (nuri = memchr(uri + 7, '/', len-7)))
||
(len > 8 && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(uri, "https://", 8)
&& NULL != (nuri = memchr(uri + 8, '/', len-8)))) {
const char * const host = uri + (uri[4] == ':' ? 7 : 8);
const size_t hostlen = nuri - host;
if (0 == hostlen || hostlen >= 1024) { /*(expecting < 256)*/
http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "uri-authority empty or too long -> 400");
return NULL;
}
/* Insert as host header */
http_header_request_set(con, HTTP_HEADER_HOST, CONST_STR_LEN("Host"), host, hostlen);
con->request.http_host = http_header_request_get(con, HTTP_HEADER_HOST, CONST_STR_LEN("Host"));
return nuri;
} else if (!(con->conf.http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT) /*(!http_header_strict)*/
|| (HTTP_METHOD_CONNECT == con->request.http_method && (uri[0] == ':' || light_isdigit(uri[0])))
|| (HTTP_METHOD_OPTIONS == con->request.http_method && uri[0] == '*' && 1 == len)) {
/* (permitted) */
return uri;
} else {
http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "request-URI parse error -> 400");
return NULL;
}
}
static int http_request_parse_reqline(connection * const con, const char * const ptr, const unsigned short * const hoff) {
const unsigned int http_header_strict =
(con->conf.http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT);
size_t len = hoff[2];
/* parse the first line of the request
* <method> <uri> <protocol>\r\n
* */
if (len < 13) /* minimum len with (!http_header_strict): "x x HTTP/1.0\n" */
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "invalid request line (too short) -> 400");
if (ptr[len-2] == '\r')
len-=2;
else if (!http_header_strict)
len-=1;
else
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "missing CR before LF in header -> 400");
/*
* RFC7230:
* HTTP-version = HTTP-name "/" DIGIT "." DIGIT
* HTTP-name = %x48.54.54.50 ; "HTTP", case-sensitive
*/
/* protocol is expected to be " HTTP/1.1" or " HTTP/1.0" at end of line */
union proto_un {
char c[8];
uint64_t u;
};
static const union proto_un http_1_1 = {{'H','T','T','P','/','1','.','1'}};
static const union proto_un http_1_0 = {{'H','T','T','P','/','1','.','0'}};
const char *p = ptr + len - 8;
union proto_un proto8;
proto8.c[0]=p[0]; proto8.c[1]=p[1]; proto8.c[2]=p[2]; proto8.c[3]=p[3];
proto8.c[4]=p[4]; proto8.c[5]=p[5]; proto8.c[6]=p[6]; proto8.c[7]=p[7];
if (p[-1] == ' ' && http_1_1.u == proto8.u) {
con->request.http_version = HTTP_VERSION_1_1;
con->keep_alive = 1; /* keep-alive default: HTTP/1.1 -> true */
}
else if (p[-1] == ' ' && http_1_0.u == proto8.u) {
con->request.http_version = HTTP_VERSION_1_0;
con->keep_alive = 0; /* keep-alive default: HTTP/1.0 -> false */
}
else {
int status = http_request_parse_proto_loose(con, ptr, len);
if (0 != status) return status;
/*(space char must exist if http_request_parse_proto_loose() succeeds)*/
for (p = ptr + len - 9; p[-1] != ' '; --p) ;
}
/* method is expected to be a short string in the general case */
size_t i = 0;
while (ptr[i] != ' ') ++i;
#if 0 /*(space must exist if protocol was parsed successfully)*/
while (i < len && ptr[i] != ' ') ++i;
if (ptr[i] != ' ')
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "incomplete request line -> 400");
#endif
con->request.http_method = get_http_method_key(ptr, i);
if (HTTP_METHOD_UNSET == con->request.http_method)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 501, "unknown http-method -> 501");
const char *uri = ptr + i + 1;
if (uri == p)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "no uri specified -> 400");
len = (size_t)(p - uri - 1);
if (*uri != '/') { /* (common case: (*uri == '/')) */
uri = http_request_parse_uri_alt(con, uri, len);
if (NULL == uri) return 400;
len = (size_t)(p - uri - 1);
}
if (0 == len)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "no uri specified -> 400");
/* check uri for invalid characters */
if (http_header_strict) {
if ((con->conf.http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_URL_NORMALIZE_CTRLS_REJECT)) {
/* URI will be checked in http_response_prepare() */
}
else {
for (i = 0; i < len; ++i) {
if (!request_uri_is_valid_char(uri[i]))
return http_request_header_char_invalid(con, uri[i], "invalid character in URI -> 400");
}
}
}
else {
/* check entire set of request headers for '\0' */
if (NULL != memchr(ptr, '\0', hoff[hoff[0]]))
return http_request_header_char_invalid(con, '\0', "invalid character in header -> 400");
}
buffer_copy_string_len(con->request.uri, uri, len);
buffer_copy_string_len(con->request.orig_uri, uri, len);
return 0;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int http_request_parse_header_other(connection * const con, const char * const k, const int klen, const unsigned int http_header_strict) {
for (int i = 0; i < klen; ++i) {
if (light_isalpha(k[i]) || k[i] == '-') continue; /*(common cases)*/
/**
* 1*<any CHAR except CTLs or separators>
* CTLs == 0-31 + 127, CHAR = 7-bit ascii (0..127)
*
*/
switch(k[i]) {
case ' ':
case '\t':
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "WS character in key -> 400");
case '(':
case ')':
case '<':
case '>':
case '@':
case ',':
case ';':
case '\\':
case '\"':
case '/':
case '[':
case ']':
case '?':
case '=':
case '{':
case '}':
return http_request_header_char_invalid(con, k[i], "invalid character in header key -> 400");
default:
if (http_header_strict ? (k[i] < 32 || ((unsigned char *)k)[i] >= 127) : k[i] == '\0')
return http_request_header_char_invalid(con, k[i], "invalid character in header key -> 400");
break; /* ok */
}
}
return 0;
}
static int http_request_parse_headers(connection * const con, char * const ptr, const unsigned short * const hoff) {
const unsigned int http_header_strict =
(con->conf.http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT);
#if 0 /*(not checked here; will later result in invalid label for HTTP header)*/
int i = hoff[2];
if (ptr[i] == ' ' || ptr[i] == '\t') {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "WS at the start of first line -> 400");
}
#endif
for (int i = 2; i < hoff[0]; ++i) {
const char *k = ptr + hoff[i];
/* one past last line hoff[hoff[0]] is to final "\r\n" */
char *end = ptr + hoff[i+1];
for (; i+1 <= hoff[0]; ++i) {
end = ptr + hoff[i+1];
if (end[0] != ' ' && end[0] != '\t') break;
/* line folding */
#ifdef __COVERITY__
force_assert(end - k >= 2);
#endif
if (end[-2] == '\r')
end[-2] = ' ';
else if (http_header_strict)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "missing CR before LF in header -> 400");
end[-1] = ' ';
}
#ifdef __COVERITY__
/*(buf holding k has non-zero request-line, so end[-2] valid)*/
force_assert(end >= k + 2);
#endif
if (end[-2] == '\r')
--end;
else if (http_header_strict)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "missing CR before LF in header -> 400");
/* remove trailing whitespace from value (+ remove '\r\n') */
/* (line k[-1] is always preceded by a '\n',
* including first header after request-line,
* so no need to check (end != k)) */
do { --end; } while (end[-1] == ' ' || end[-1] == '\t');
const char *colon = memchr(k, ':', end - k);
if (NULL == colon)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "invalid header missing ':' -> 400");
const char *v = colon + 1;
/* RFC7230 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing
* 3.2.4. Field Parsing
* [...]
* No whitespace is allowed between the header field-name and colon. In
* the past, differences in the handling of such whitespace have led to
* security vulnerabilities in request routing and response handling. A
* server MUST reject any received request message that contains
* whitespace between a header field-name and colon with a response code
* of 400 (Bad Request). A proxy MUST remove any such whitespace from a
* response message before forwarding the message downstream.
*/
/* (line k[-1] is always preceded by a '\n',
* including first header after request-line,
* so no need to check colon != k) */
if (colon[-1] == ' ' || colon[-1] == '\t') {
if (http_header_strict) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "invalid whitespace between field-name and colon -> 400");
}
else {
/* remove trailing whitespace from key(if !http_header_strict)*/
do { --colon; } while (colon[-1] == ' ' || colon[-1] == '\t');
}
}
const int klen = (int)(colon - k);
if (0 == klen)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "invalid header key -> 400");
const enum http_header_e id = http_header_hkey_get(k, klen);
if (id == HTTP_HEADER_OTHER) {
for (int j = 0; j < klen; ++j) {
if (light_isalpha(k[j]) || k[j] == '-') continue; /*(common cases)*/
if (0 != http_request_parse_header_other(con, k+j, klen-j, http_header_strict))
return 400;
break;
}
}
/* remove leading whitespace from value */
while (*v == ' ' || *v == '\t') ++v;
const int vlen = (int)(end - v);
/* empty header-fields are not allowed by HTTP-RFC, we just ignore them */
if (vlen <= 0) continue; /* ignore header */
if (http_header_strict) {
for (int j = 0; j < vlen; ++j) {
if ((((unsigned char *)v)[j] < 32 && v[j] != '\t') || v[j]==127)
return http_request_header_char_invalid(con, v[j], "invalid character in header -> 400");
}
} /* else URI already checked in http_request_parse_reqline() for any '\0' */
int status = http_request_parse_single_header(con, id, k, (size_t)klen, v, (size_t)vlen);
if (0 != status) return status;
}
return 0;
}
int http_request_parse(connection * const con, char * const hdrs, const unsigned short * const hoff) {
/*
* Request: "^(GET|POST|HEAD|...) ([^ ]+(\\?[^ ]+|)) (HTTP/1\\.[01])$"
* Header : "^([-a-zA-Z]+): (.+)$"
* End : "^$"
*/
int status;
status = http_request_parse_reqline(con, hdrs, hoff);
if (0 != status) return status;
status = http_request_parse_headers(con, hdrs, hoff);
if (0 != status) return status;
/* post-processing */
/* check hostname field if it is set */
if (con->request.http_host) {
if (0 != http_request_host_policy(con->request.http_host, con->proto,
con->conf.http_parseopts))
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "Invalid Hostname -> 400");
}
else {
if (con->request.http_version == HTTP_VERSION_1_1)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "HTTP/1.1 but Host missing -> 400");
}
if (0 == con->request.content_length) {
/* POST requires Content-Length (or Transfer-Encoding)
* (-1 == con->request.content_length when Transfer-Encoding: chunked)*/
if (HTTP_METHOD_POST == con->request.http_method
&& !(con->request.htags & HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH)) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 411, "POST-request, but content-length missing -> 411");
}
}
else {
/* (-1 == con->request.content_length when Transfer-Encoding: chunked)*/
if (-1 == con->request.content_length
&& (con->request.htags & HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH)) {
/* RFC7230 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing
* 3.3.3. Message Body Length
* [...]
* If a message is received with both a Transfer-Encoding and a
* Content-Length header field, the Transfer-Encoding overrides the
* Content-Length. Such a message might indicate an attempt to
* perform request smuggling (Section 9.5) or response splitting
* (Section 9.4) and ought to be handled as an error. A sender MUST
* remove the received Content-Length field prior to forwarding such
* a message downstream.
*/
const unsigned int http_header_strict =
(con->conf.http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT);
if (http_header_strict) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "invalid Transfer-Encoding + Content-Length -> 400");
}
else {
/* ignore Content-Length */
http_header_request_unset(con, HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH, CONST_STR_LEN("Content-Length"));
}
}
if ((HTTP_METHOD_GET == con->request.http_method
|| HTTP_METHOD_HEAD == con->request.http_method)
&& !(con->conf.http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_METHOD_GET_BODY)) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(con, 400, "GET/HEAD with content-length -> 400");
}
}
return 0;
}